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We questioned the significance of haplotype structure in gene regulation by testing whether individual single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within a gene promoter region [interleukin-1-beta (IL1B)] might affect promoter function and, if so, whether function was dependent on haplotype context. We sequenced genomic DNA from 25 individuals of diverse(More)
MUC1 is associated with cellular transformation and tumorigenicity and is considered as an important tumor-associated antigen (TAA) for cancer therapy. We previously reported that anti-MUC1 monoclonal antibody C595 (MAb C595) plus docetaxel (DTX) increased efficacy of DTX alone and caused cultured human epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) cells to undergo(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the in vitro effect of anti-MUC1 monoclonal antibody (MAb) C595 alone and in combination with docetaxel, on the growth and survival of different epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) cell lines. MUC1 expression was assessed on EOC cell lines (OVCAR-3, IGROV-1, A2780, CAOV-3, TOV-21G, TOV-112D, SKOV-3 and OV-90) using(More)
The most common ovarian cancer is epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) characterised by few early symptoms, widespread peritoneal dissemination and ascites at advanced stages that result in poor prognosis. Despite the recent progress in its management, including surgery and chemotherapy, EOC remains the most lethal gynaecological malignancy in women. Due to the(More)
Cancer metastasis and anti-cancer drug resistance are the major reason for the failure of clinical cancer treatment. We evaluated CD147, monocarboxylate transporters (MCT1 and MCT4), and multidrug resistance (MDR) markers (MDR1 and MRP2) in 4 epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) cell lines and primary tumors (n = 120) along with the matched metastatic lesions (n(More)
BACKGROUND The urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) system has been implicated in progression and poor prognosis in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) patients. The present study investigated the distribution of uPA and its receptor (uPAR) in EOC cell lines, primary and metastatic tumors, and the relationship between uPA/uPAR and matrix metalloproteinase(More)
Ferritin (FRT) is a major iron storage protein found in humans and most living organisms. Each ferritin is composed of 24 subunits, which self-assemble to form a cage-like nanostructure. FRT nanocages can be genetically modified to present a peptide sequence on the surface. Recently, we demonstrated that Cys-Asp-Cys-Arg-Gly-Asp-Cys-Phe-Cys (RGD4C)-modified(More)
Nanoprobes for MRI and optical imaging are demonstrated. Gd@C-dots possess strong fluorescence and can effectively enhance signals on T1 -weighted MR images. The nanoprobes have low toxicity, and, despite a relatively large size, can be efficiently excreted by renal clearance from the host after systemic injection.
Location tracking (paging) and location update (registration) are the two fundamental operations in locating a mobile terminal in cellular mobile networks. In a location tracking process, the network system initiates a search process to find the mobile terminal to deliver an incoming call. A novel location tracking strategy is proposed based on location(More)
Photodynamic therapy is an emerging treatment modality that is under intensive preclinical and clinical investigations for many types of disease including cancer. Despite the promise, there is a lack of a reliable drug delivery vehicle that can transport photosensitizers (PSs) to tumors in a site-specific manner. Previous efforts have been focused on(More)