Learn More
DNA topoisomerases are the targets of important anticancer and antibacterial drugs. Camptothecins and novel noncamptothecins in clinical development (indenoisoquinolines and ARC-111) target eukaryotic type IB topoisomerases (Top1), whereas human type IIA topoisomerases (Top2alpha and Top2beta) are the targets of the widely used anticancer agents etoposide,(More)
Topoisomerase I (Top1) catalyzes two transesterification reactions: single-strand DNA cleavage and religation that are normally coupled for the relaxation of DNA supercoiling in transcribing and replicating chromatin. A variety of endogenous DNA modifications, potent anticancer drugs and carcinogens uncouple these two reactions, resulting in the(More)
To genetically dissect drought resistance associated with japonica upland rice, we evaluated a doubled haploid (DH) population from a cross between two japonica cultivars for seven root traits under three different growing conditions (upland, lowland and upland in PVC pipe). The traits included basal root thickness (BRT), total root number (RN), maximum(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) typically presents with lobar intracerebral macrohemorrhages (ICH) or microbleeds (MBs). Several case reports also found superficial siderosis (SS) in patients with CAA. We aimed to assess the value of SS for the in vivo diagnosis of CAA, and tested whether the inclusion of SS as a criterion alters the(More)
BACKGROUND Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) tractography enables the in vivo visualization of white matter tracts inside normal brain tissue, which provides the neurosurgeon important information to plan tumor resections. However, DTI is associated with restrictions in the resolution of crossing fibers in the vicinity of the tumor or in edema. We find that(More)
UCN-01 (7-hydroxystaurosporine) is a cell-cycle checkpoint abrogator that sensitizes cells to ionizing radiation (IR) and chemotherapeutic agents. It has been shown previously that UCN-01 abrogates DNA-damage-induced G(2) checkpoint most selectively in p53-defective cells, by primarily targeting Chk1. Here we show that UCN-01 prevented IR-induced p53(More)
PURPOSE Doxorubicin is one of the most effective chemotherapeutic agents. However, up to 30% of the patients treated with doxorubicin suffer from congestive heart failure. The mechanism of doxorubicin cardiotoxicity is likely multifactorial and most importantly, the genetic factors predisposing to doxorubicin cardiotoxicity are unknown. On the basis of the(More)
The Mre11.Rad50.Nbs1 (MRN) complex binds DNA double strand breaks to repair DNA and activate checkpoints. We report MRN deficiency in three of seven colon carcinoma cell lines of the NCI Anticancer Drug Screen. To study the involvement of MRN in replication-mediated DNA double strand breaks, we examined checkpoint responses to camptothecin, which induces(More)
The definitive structure and comprehensive role of the uncinate fasciculus (UF) are still obscure. We aimed to map the human UF white matter tractography and investigate the asymmetry, connectivity, and segmentation of the UF. Subcomponents of the UF were analyzed in 9 normal subjects and a 30-subject diffusion spectrum imaging (DSI) template (CMU-30). DSI(More)
Apolipoprotein E (apoE) is a multifunctional glycosylated protein characterized by its wide tissue distribution. Despite its importance in lipid transport and atherosclerosis pathogenesis, apoE is associated with neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson disease, and autoimmune disorders such as multiple sclerosis and(More)