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Lead, as one of the most hazardous heavy metals to the environment interferes with lignocellulosic biomass bioconversion and carbon cycles in nature. The degradation of lead-polluted lignocellulosic waste and the restrain of lead hazards by solid-state fermentation with Phanerochaete chrysosporium were studied. Phanerochaete chrysosporium effectively(More)
The bark of Magnolia officinalis is a well-known Traditional Chinese Medicine. In the present study, two new alkaloids, named (S)-4-keto-magnoflorine (6) and (R)-3,4-dehydromagnocurarine (11), together with seven known alkaloids: (S)-magnoflorine (5), trans/cis N-feruloylputrescine (7/8), (R)-magnocurarine (10), (S)-tembetarine (12), (R)-oblongine (14), and(More)
A novel bacterium designated strain B-16 was isolated from the compost leachate of the municipal solid waste (MSW) in a laboratory reactor. This strain was identified as a gram-negative bacterium, Achromobacter xylosoxidans that could grow on bisphenol A (BPA, a representative endocrine disruptor) as a sole carbon source under aerobic condition.(More)
The treatment of the simulated lead-contaminated solid waste by composting with white-rot fungus was studied at laboratory scale. The composting system without the inocula of white-rot fungus was prepared as control, and the composting of the uncontaminated solid waste with the inocula of white-rot fungus was carried out as the other control. The results(More)
DNA mismatch repair (MMR) plays an important role in maintaining genome stability. Defects in MMR genes have been involved in several types of sporadic and hereditary cancers. hMLH1 is considered one of central members of the MMR pathway. We conducted a hospital-based case-control study to investigate associations of common variations in the hMLH1 gene and(More)
OBJECTIVE In Old World monkeys, the tripartite motif 5alpha (TRIM5alpha) protein confers resistance to HIV-1 infection following virus entry into host cells. However, the pig-tailed macaque (Macaca nemestrina) is an exception and is susceptible to HIV-1 infection. This study dissects the molecular mechanism of the pig-tailed macaque's susceptibility to(More)
BACKGROUND Upregulation of microRNA-221 (miR-221) has been reported to induce the malignant phenotype of human osteosarcoma, suggesting its potential as a therapeutic target for this malignancy. However, the role of miR-221 in diagnosis and prognosis of osteosarcoma has been well less elaborated. Our aim was to investigate the clinicopathological,(More)
MBD4 (methyl-CpG binding domain protein 4) was identified as a methyl-CpG binding protein and plays an important role in DNA methylation and carcinogenesis. We hypothesized that genetic variants in MBD4 were associated with lung cancer risk. We selected and genotyped three tagging SNPs (rs2311394, rs140693, and rs2005618) of MBD4 using the illumina SNP(More)
Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA) is the most widely used brominated flame retardants (BFRs). It has been detected in various environment media and has been approved to be high toxic to aquatic organisms. However, the exposure levels of TBBPA in the main watersheds in China have not been investigated sufficiently. In this study TBBPA concentrations in water,(More)
Caspases are important regulators and executioners in the apoptosis pathways and play crucial roles in carcinogenesis. We tested the hypothesis that functional variants of CASP genes are associated with risk of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (SCCHN) and second primary malignancy (SPM). We genotyped 7 selected, potentially functional single(More)