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To investigate the effects of sodium fluoride (NaF) on apoptosis, c-Fos mRNA and protein expression levels, and methylation status as well as Dnmt1, Dnmt3a, and Dnmt3b mRNA expression levels in human embryo hepatocyte (L-02) which were exposed to different concentrations of NaF (0, 20, 40, and 80 mg/l) for 24 h in vitro. Results showed that the percentage(More)
Fluorine, a toxic and reactive element, is widely prevalent throughout the environment and can induce toxicity when absorbed into the body. This study was to explore the possible mechanisms of developmental neurotoxicity in rats treated with different levels of sodium fluoride (NaF). The rats’ intelligence, as well as changes in neuronal morphology, glucose(More)
INTRODUCTION Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has been used to examine the brain mechanisms of stroke patients with hemiplegia, but the relationship between functional connectivity (FC) and treatment-induced motor function recovery has not yet been fully investigated. This study aimed to identify the brain FC changes in stroke(More)
We hypothesized that the P2X7 receptor may be the target of isoflurane, so we investigated the roles of the P2X7 receptor and inositol triphosphate receptor in calcium overload and neuronal apoptosis induced by isoflurane in cultured embryonic rat hippocampal neurons. Results showed that isoflurane induced widespread neuronal apoptosis and significantly(More)
Interleukin-1α and interleukin-1β aggravate neuronal injury by mediating the inflammatory reaction following ischemic/hypoxic brain injury. It remains unclear whether interleukin-1α and interleukin-1β are released by microglia or astrocytes. This study prepared hippocampal slices that were subsequently subjected to oxygen and glucose deprivation.(More)
PURPOSE N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) are closely related with the excitability of pyramidal neurons and PFC function. As the effect of thiopental sodium on the central nervous system may partly result from the inhibition of PFC NMDA receptors, we investigated the effect of thiopental sodium with different(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the most common demyelination disease of central nervous system (CNS). The deterioration of the disease is characterized by the axonal loss with defective remyelination. Progesterone can promote the remyelination, but whether it exerts beneficial effect on treatment of MS still remains unclear. Olig1 protein is a key regulator in(More)
— This paper examines a simulation of the Beer Distribution Game and a number of optimisation approaches to this game. This well known game was developed at MIT in the 1960s and has been widely used to educate graduate students and business managers on the dynamics of supply chains. This game offers a complex simulation environment involving(More)
BACKGROUND Liaoning cashmere goat is a famous goat breed for cashmere wool. In order to increase the transcriptome data and accelerate genetic improvement for this breed, we performed de novo transcriptome sequencing to generate the first expressed sequence tag dataset for the Liaoning cashmere goat, using next-generation sequencing technology. RESULTS(More)