Hongliang Cai

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Stapled α-helical peptides have emerged as a promising new modality for a wide range of therapeutic targets. Here, we report a potent and selective dual inhibitor of MDM2 and MDMX, ATSP-7041, which effectively activates the p53 pathway in tumors in vitro and in vivo. Specifically, ATSP-7041 binds both MDM2 and MDMX with nanomolar affinities, shows(More)
To further develop primary cultures of human proximal tubular (hPT) cells for study of drug disposition, we determined kinetics and protein expression of several key transporters for organic anions and cations, peptides, and neutral amino acids. p-Aminohippurate uptake exhibited similar kinetics as published values, was inhibited by cephaloridine,(More)
We previously catalogued expression and activity of organic anion and cation, amino acid, and peptide transporters in primary cultures of human proximal tubular (hPT) cells to establish them as a cellular model to study drug transport in the human kidney [Lash, L.H., Putt, D.A., Cai, H., 2006. Membrane transport function in primary cultures of human(More)
PF1, an anti-inflammatory drug candidate, was nephrotoxic in cynomolgus monkeys in a manner that was qualitatively comparable to that observed with the two previous exploratory drug candidates (PF2and PF3). Based on the severity of nephrotoxicity, PF1 ranked between the other two compounds, withPF2 inducing mortality at all doses and PF3 eliciting only mild(More)
Humanized mice that express the human UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1 locus have been developed in a Ugt1-null background as a model to improve predictions of human UGT1A-dependent drug clearance. Enzyme kinetic parameters (K(m) and V(max)) and pharmacokinetic properties of three probe drugs were compared using wild-type and humanized UGT1 mice that(More)
The promutagenic and genotoxic exocyclic DNA adduct 1,N(2)-ethenoguanine (1,N(2)-epsilonG) is a major product formed in DNA exposed to lipid peroxidation-derived aldehydes in vitro. Here, we report that two structurally unrelated proteins, the Escherichia coli mismatch-specific uracil-DNA glycosylase (MUG) and the human alkylpurine-DNA-N-glycosylase (ANPG),(More)
DNA adducts are mutagenic and clastogenic. Because of their harmful nature, lesions are recognized by many proteins involved in DNA repair. However, mounting evidence suggests that lesions also are recognized by proteins with no obvious role in repair processes. One such protein is topoisomerase II, an essential enzyme that removes knots and tangles from(More)
GyrATPase is a cellular enzyme that has been used as an antibacterial target for treatment of nosocomial and community acquired bacterial infections. The leading chemical series targeted at inhibiting this enzyme, indazoles, were rapidly cleared in rats (CL > 70 mL/min/kg). The predominant metabolite identified in both urine and bile samples from a bile(More)
Bacterial resistance to antibiotic therapy remains a worldwide problem. In Pseudomonasaeruginosa, rates of efflux confer inherent resistance to many antimicrobial agents, including fluoroquinolones, due to a high level of expression and a relatively high turnover number of the efflux pumps in gram-negative bacteria. To understand the roles of efflux pumps(More)
Drug-metabolizing enzymes and drug transporters are key regulators of drug disposition and pharmacodynamics, which are closely linked to drug efficacy and safety. In this article, current challenges and future solutions to predicting their influence on pharmacokinetics and inter-organ distribution in humans, from data generated during the drug discovery(More)