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The tomato protein kinase 1 (TPK1b) gene encodes a receptor-like cytoplasmic kinase localized to the plasma membrane. Pathogen infection, mechanical wounding, and oxidative stress induce expression of TPK1b, and reducing TPK1b gene expression through RNA interference (RNAi) increases tomato susceptibility to the necrotrophic fungus Botrytis cinerea and to(More)
Recently, efficient network resource management and quality-of-service (QoS) guarantee become more and more important for multimedia applications and services, especially when considering network delays. In this paper, an optimal bandwidth allocation scheme that achieves maximal utilization of the client buffer and minimal allocation of bandwidth for each(More)
The rice OsBIHD1 gene encodes a transcriptional factor belonging to the homeodomain class. It had previously been shown to be activated by treatment with benzothiadiazole, a chemical inducer of disease resistance, and in an incompatible interaction between rice and the blast fungus. To allow a better understanding of the function of OsBIHD1 in plant disease(More)
In this paper, an end-to-end real-time adaptive protocol for multimedia transmission is presented. The transmission rate is determined by the quadratic probing algorithm that can obtain the maximal utilization of the client buffer and minimal allocation of the network bandwidth. It is also coupled with a congestion control mechanism that can effectively(More)
Cloud computing is the current significant technology trend because of its potential to reduce the cost and increase the productivity. Virtualization is the key enabling technology in cloud computing which maximizes the utilizations of resources to provide the service. Multimedia application over cloud computing has its quality of service (QoS) requirements(More)
Efficient utilization of network resources is essential in the provision of quality multimedia services. Different approaches have been proposed to shape the multimedia streams as a transmission schedule with smoothed traffic burst. In this paper, we concentrate on the problem of efficient use of bandwidth and client buffer. For this purpose, an optimal(More)
—802.11 WLAN technology has been widely used recently to transmit heterogeneous data. The transmission of multimedia data has its quality of service (QoS) requirements. Hybrid Coordination Function (HCF) is proposed to provide service differentiation to support real-time transmission by 802.11e working group. HCF is composed of connection-based Enhanced(More)