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Matching points between multiple images of a scene is a vital component of many computer vision tasks. Point matching involves creating a succinct and discriminative descriptor for each point. While current descriptors such as SIFT can find matches between features with unique local neighborhoods, these descriptors typically fail to consider global context(More)
This paper describes a computer vision approach to automated rapid-throughput taxonomic identification of stonefly larvae. The long-term objective of this research is to develop a cost-effective method for environmental monitoring based on automated identification of indicator species. Recognition of stonefly larvae is challenging because they are highly(More)
This paper describes a fully automated stone fly-larvae classification system using a local features approach. It compares the three region detectors employed by the system: the Hessian-affine detector, the Kadir entropy detector and a new detector we have developed called the principal curvature based region detector (PCBR). It introduces a concatenated(More)
Local feature-based matching is robust to both clutter and occlusion. However, a primary shortcoming of local features is a deficiency of global information that can cause ambiguities in matching. Local features combined with global relationships convey much more information, but global spatial information is often not robust to occlusion and/or non-rigid(More)
This paper presents a new structure-based interest region detector called principal curvature-based regions (PCBR) which we use for object class recognition. The PCBR interest operator detects stable watershed regions within the multi-scale principal curvature image. To detect robust watershed regions, we "clean" a principal curvature image by combining a(More)
Many ecological science and environmental monitoring problems can benefit from inexpensive, automated methods of counting insect and mesofaunal populations. Existing methods for obtaining population counts require expensive and tedious manual identification by human experts. This chapter describes the development of general-purpose pattern-recognition(More)
This paper proposes a new generic object recognition system based on multi-scale affineinvariant image regions. Image segments are obtained by a watershed transform of the principal curvature of a contrast enhanced image. Each region is described by an intensity-based statistical descriptor and a PCASIFT descriptor. The spatial relations between regions are(More)
Automated extraction of semantic information from a network of sensors for cognitive analysis and human-like reasoning is a desired capability in future ground surveillance systems. We tackle the problem of complex decision making under uncertainty in network information environment, where lack of effective visual processing tools, incomplete domain(More)