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Nitrophorin 2 (NP2), one of the four NO-storing and NO-releasing proteins found in the saliva of the blood-sucking bug Rhodnius prolixus, has a more ruffled heme and a high preference for a particular heme orientation (B) compared with nitrophorin 1 and nitrophorin 4, which show not a preference (A to B ratio of approximately 1:1), suggesting that it fits(More)
The bacterial tobacco wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum is one of the most destructive soil-borne diseases worldwide. One strategy to improve the resistance to bacterial wilt is to make use of plant varieties expressing wilt resistance genes. To characterize the genetics of wilt resistance and to identify relevant molecular markers for use in plant(More)
The uncultivated species Dasypyrum breviaristatum carries novel diseases resistance and agronomically important genes of potential use for wheat improvement. The development of new wheat-D. breviaristatum derivatives lines with disease resistance provides an opportunity for the identification and localization of resistance genes on specific Dasypyrum(More)
The unique 75 K γ-secalins encoded by Sec2 loci in Secale species is composed of almost half rye storage proteins. The chromosomal location of Sec2 loci in wild Secale species, Secale africanum, was carried out by the wheat--S. africanum derivatives, which were identified by genomic in situ hybridization and multi-color fluorescence in situ hybridization.(More)
Vernalization requirement in wheat is determined by allelic variation mainly at three loci, Vrn-A1, Vrn-B1 and Vrn-D1. Up to 2011 only two alleles at the Vrn-D1 locus were known. The dominant allele, now designated as Vrn-D1a, confers spring growth habit, and the other, recessive allele, vrn-D1, is associated with the winter growth habit. Recently, we found(More)
A new scalarane sesterterpene, phyllofolactone M (1), and a new sterol, (24E)-5alpha,6alpha-epoxystigmasta-7,24(28)-dien-3beta-ol (3), together with a known sesterterpene, phyllofolactone B (2), were isolated from the South China Sea sponge Phyllospongia foliascens. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis and comparison with known(More)