Hongjie Zhang

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Dysregulated expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) in various tissues has been associated with a variety of diseases, including cancers. Here we demonstrate that miRNAs are present in the serum and plasma of humans and other animals such as mice, rats, bovine fetuses, calves, and horses. The levels of miRNAs in serum are stable, reproducible, and consistent(More)
Within the developing pancreas Hepatic Nuclear Factor 6 (HNF6) directly activates the pro-endocrine transcription factor, Ngn3. HNF6 and Ngn3 are each essential for endocrine differentiation and HNF6 is also required for embryonic duct development. Most HNF6(-/-) animals die as neonates, making it difficult to study later aspects of HNF6 function. Here, we(More)
The FoxM1 transcription factor is highly expressed in proliferating cells and activates several cell cycle genes, although its requirement appears to be limited to certain tissue types. Embryonic hepatoblast-specific inactivation of Foxm1 results in a dramatic reduction in liver outgrowth and subsequent late gestation lethality, whereas inactivation of(More)
OBJECTIVE To explore the distribution of Toll-like receptors gene polymorphisms in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in Chinese Han patients and Caucasians. METHODS The toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2) genes Arg677Trp and Arg753Glu, TLR4 genes Asp299Gly and Thr399Ile, and TLR9 gene 1237T/C polymorphisms were genotypes in 113 patients with IBD and 120 age and(More)
Eleven authenticated botanicals used in the traditional Chinese medicine Huo-Luo-Xiao-Ling Dan were screened for ligands to cyclooxygenase (COX) using pulsed ultrafiltration liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, and a mass spectrometry-based enzyme assay was used to determine the concentration of each of 17 ligands that inhibited COX-1 or COX-2 by 50%(More)
OBJECTIVE The objectives of the study were to determine whether the cell cycle transcription factor, FoxM1, is required for glucose homeostasis and beta-cell mass expansion in maternal islets during pregnancy and whether FoxM1 is essential for placental lactogen (PL)-induced beta-cell proliferation. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS beta-Cell mass, beta-cell(More)
BACKGROUND Some studies have reported that Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) D299G and T399I polymorphisms are associated with increased Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) risk in the Caucasian population. However, the results have been inconsistent. METHODS A systemic review of the published data (16 studies with 8,387 cases and 7,013 controls(More)
Interleukin-17A and interleukin-17F (IL-17A and IL-17F) are candidate genes for chronic inflammatory disease. We investigated the association between IL17A/F gene polymorphisms and susceptibility to and clinical features of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). A total of 270 ulcerative colitis (UC) patients, 82 Crohn’s disease (CD) patients and 268 healthy(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies implicated that IL23R and IL17 genes play an important role in autoimmune inflammation. Genome-wide association studies have also identified multiple single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the IL23R gene region associated with inflammatory bowel diseases. This study examined the association of IL23R and IL17A gene SNPs with(More)
Interleukin-17(IL-17)-producing T helper(Th)17 cells are considered as a new subset of cells critical to the development of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We aimed to investigate the distribution of Th17 cells, the expressions of Th17-related cytokines (IL-17, IL-21 and IL-22) and their association with disease activity in IBD patients. We collected(More)