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In many real-world OpenFlow-based SDN deployments, the ability to program heterogeneous forwarding elements built with different forwarding architectures is a desirable capability. In this paper, we discuss a data plane programming framework suitable for a flexible and protocol-oblivious data plane and show how OpenFlow can evolve to provide a generic(More)
Effective SDN control relies on the network data collecting capability as well as the quality and timeliness of the data. As open programmable data plane is becoming a reality, we further enhance it with the support of runtime interactive programming in order to cope with application dynamics, optimize data plane resource allocation , and reduce(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the capability and characteristics of different nanoleakage observation methods, including light microscope (LM), field-emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), and confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM). Dentin specimens were bonded with either an etch-and-rinse(More)
Networking data analytics is increasingly used for enhanced network visibility and controllability. We draw the similarities between the Software Defined Networking (SDN) architecture and the MapReduce programming model. Inspired by the similarity, we suggest the necessary data plane innovations to make network data plane devices function as distributed(More)
In this paper, the interaction of genistein (GEN) and its four derivatives (GEN1-4) with bovine serum albumin (BSA) were investigated by ultraviolet-visible absorption spectra, fluorescence, synchronous fluorescence, three-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy, circular dichroism and molecular docking techniques. The experimental results showed that the(More)
Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) is a well-known natural polyphenol compound. It is reported that resveratrol possesses strong anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory, cardiovascular protective and cancer chemo-preventive effects. Therefore, there has been a considerable interest in its biological activity, pharmacological activity and also(More)
A simple, low-cost hydrothermal method was developed to synthesize 20-nm-diameter single-crystalline ytterbium silicate (Yb(2)Si(2)O(7) and Yb(2)SiO(5)) nanoparticles at 200 degrees C. This is nearly 1000 degrees C lower than that for the typical sol-gel route to ytterbium silicate powders. Obtained powders showed very low thermal conductivity, a suitable(More)
In this work, a highly sensitive electrochemiluminescence (ECL) assay was fabricated for the detection of human DNA (cytosine-5)-methyltransferase1 (DNMT1) activity in cancer cells. The ECL assay coupled hybridization chain reaction with a G-quadruplex/hemin DNAzyme biosensing strategy. The ECL intensity changes (ΔI) allowed detection of DNMT1 activity down(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of different direct current intensities on dentine bonding effectiveness of Clearfil S(3) Bond and on cell viability of human dental pulp cells (HDPCs). Thirty-five-third molars were sectioned and ground to provide flat surfaces. Clearfil S(3) Bond was applied under different current conditions for 30 s(More)