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Primary rat hepatocytes self-assemble into multi-cellular spheroids and maintain differentiated functions when cultured on a two-dimensional (2-D) substrate conjugated with galactose ligand. The aim of this study is to investigate how a functional nanofiber scaffold with surface-galactose ligand influences the attachment, spheroid formation and functional(More)
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are membrane-contained vesicles shed from cells. EVs contain proteins, lipids, and nucleotides, all of which play important roles in intercellular communication. The release of EVs is known to increase during neuroinflammation. Glutaminase, a mitochondrial enzyme that converts glutamine to glutamate, has been implicated in the(More)
Protein delivery allows a clinical effect to be directly realized without genetic modification of the host cells. We have developed a cationic bolaamphiphile as a non-viral vector for protein delivery application. The relatively low toxicity and efficient protein delivery by the cationic bolaamphiphile prompted us to test the system for the generation of(More)
The hair follicle is a regenerating organ that produces a new hair shaft during each growth cycle. Development and cycling of the hair follicle is governed by interactions between the epithelial and mesenchymal components. Therefore, development of an engineered 3D hair follicle would be useful for studying these interactions to identify strategies for(More)
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