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BACKGROUND & AIMS By using methylation-sensitive representational difference analysis, we identified protocadherin 10 (PCDH10), a gene that encodes a protocadherin and is silenced in a tumor-specific manner. We analyzed its epigenetic inactivation, biological effects, and prognostic significance in gastric cancer. METHODS Methylation status was evaluated(More)
Anthracycline daunorubicin (DNR) is one of the major antitumor agents widely used in the treatment of myeloid leukemia. Unfortunately, the clinical efficacy of DNR was limited because of its cytotoxity at high dosage. As a novel cytoprotective mechanism for tumor cell to survive under unfavorable conditions, autophagy has been proposed to play a role in(More)
BACKGROUND The role of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection in gastric carcinogenesis remains largely unknown. The authors studied the effects of zinc finger E-box binding factor 1 (ZEB1) on latent-lytic switch of EBV infection in gastric cancer and explored the importance of EBV in gastric carcinogenesis. METHODS Loss or gain of ZEB1 function was obtained(More)
The tumour suppressor protein merlin (encoded by the neurofibromatosis type 2 gene NF2) is an important regulator of proliferation in many cell and tissue types. Merlin is activated by dephosphorylation at serine 518 (S518), which occurs on serum withdrawal or on cell-cell or cell-matrix contact. However, the relevant phosphatase that activates merlin's(More)
UNLABELLED The ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCHL1) is a carboxyl-terminal ubiquitin hydrolase regulating cellular ubiquitin levels, recently suggested as a tumor suppressor. However, the role of UCHL1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is not clear. We investigated the expression and DNA methylation of the UCHL1 in primary HCC, liver metastases(More)
Ras has achieved notoriety as an oncogene aberrantly activated in multiple human tumors. Approximately 30% of all human tumors express an oncogenic form of this GTPase that is locked in an active conformation as a result of being insensitive to Ras GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs), proteins that normally regulate the inactivation of Ras by enhancing its(More)
PURPOSE Nasopharyngeal carcinoma is prevalent in southern China and Southeast Asia, with distinct geographic and ethnic distribution. One candidate susceptibility locus has been identified at 4p11-14, with the associated candidate gene(s) not identified yet. This study investigated the role of ubiquitin carboxyl-terminal hydrolase L1 (UCHL1) in(More)
Aberrant activation of the wingless-type- (Wnt)-signaling pathway is common in many cancers including nasopharyngeal (NPC) and esophageal squamous cell (ESCC) carcinomas, both prevalent in Southern China and Southeast Asia. However, the molecular mechanism leading to this abnormality is still obscure. Wnt inhibitory factor-1 (WIF1) is a secreted antagonist(More)
The bacterial superantigen staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEA) stimulates T cells bearing certain TCR Vβ domains when binding to MHC II molecules, and is a potent inducer of CTL activity and cytokine production. Antibody-targeted SEA such as C215 Fab-SEA and C242 Fab-SEA has been investigated for cancer therapy in recent years. We have previously reported(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors gefitinib and erlotinib have been widely used in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer. Unfortunately, the efficacy of EGFR-TKIs is limited because of natural and acquired resistance. As a novel cytoprotective mechanism for tumor cell to survive under unfavorable conditions, autophagy has been(More)