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The full details of a catalytic asymmetric aza-Michael reaction of methoxylamine promoted by rare earth-alkali metal heterobimetallic complexes are described, demonstrating the effectiveness of Lewis acid-Lewis acid cooperative catalysis. First, enones were used as substrates, and the 1,4-adducts were obtained in good yield (57-98%) and high ee (81-96%).(More)
A Bi(OTf)(3)/Cu(CH(3)CN)(4)PF(6) system efficiently promoted intermolecular 1:1 hydroamination of 1,3-dienes with various carbamates, sulfonamides, and carboxamides to afford allylic amines in good yield (up to 96%). Reaction proceeded with 0.5-10 mol % catalyst loading at 25-100 degrees C (generally at 50 degrees C) in 1,4-dioxane within 24 h. The(More)
For the general short-open-load-thru (SOLT) calibration of the n-port vector network analyzer with n + 1 measurement channels, the sensitivity coefficients for the S-parameters of the n-port device under test are developed as functions of the deviations of the scattering parameters for the SOLT calibration standards. Using the concept of general node(More)
Catalytic intermolecular hydroamination of vinyl arenes is described. Our initial investigation revealed that a Bi(OTf)3/[Cu(CH3CN)4]PF6 system previously developed for catalytic intermolecular hydroamination of 1,3-dienes was suitable for hydroamination of a styrene with sulfonamides, but the substrate generality of this system was unsatisfactory. Several(More)
The field of piezoresistive sensors has been undergoing a significant revolution in terms of design methodology, material technology and micromachining process. However, the temperature dependence of sensor characteristics remains a hurdle to cross. This review focuses on the issues in thermal-performance instability of piezoresistive sensors. Based on the(More)
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