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Mast cells (MCs) are centrally important in allergic inflammation of the airways, as well as in the intestinal immune response to helminth infection. A single lineage of bone marrow (BM)-derived progenitors emigrates from the circulation and matures into phenotypically distinct MCs in different tissues. Because the mechanisms of MC progenitor (MCp) homing(More)
Trichinella spiralis infection elicits a vigorous IgE response and pronounced intestinal and splenic mastocytosis in mice. Since IgE both activates mast cells (MC) and promotes their survival in culture, we examined its role in MC responses and parasite elimination in T. spiralis-infected mice. During primary infection, wild-type but not IgE-deficient(More)
To investigate characteristics of CYP21 mutations in Chinese patients with 21-hydroxylase deficiency (21-OHD) and the relationship between genotype and phenotype, a time saving, reliable molecular diagnosis method was developed. Eight patients with NC 21-OHD, 35 patients with classical ones and 34 normal controls were studied as followed: CYP21 gene was(More)
BACKGROUND Glucose variability is one of components of the dysglycemia in diabetes and may play an important role in development of diabetic vascular complications. The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between glycemic variability determined by a continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) system and the presence and severity of coronary(More)
EML4-ALK gene fusions have recently been discovered in a subset of human lung carcinomas, and fusions of the ALK tyrosine kinase gene with the NPM, TPM3, CLTC, ATIC, and TFG genes have been found in hematological malignancies. To elucidate the role of fusions between ALK and other genes in pulmonary carcinogenesis, we examined 77 non-small cell lung(More)
Germline point or small frameshift mutations of the CDH1 (E-cadherin) gene are known to cause familial gastric cancer (FGC), but the frequency of CDH1 mutations is low in Japanese patients with FGC. Because recent studies have reported germline large genomic deletions of CDH1 in European and Canadian patients with FGC, in the present study we examined DNA(More)
BACKGROUND The role of chronic hyperglycaemia as a coronary artery disease (CAD) risk factor is well-known, and the glycemic variability is still a matter of debate. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of admission glycemic excursion and hemoglobin A(1c) (HbA(1c)) with the presence and severity of CAD in patients with undiagnosed(More)
Epigenetic modification is crucial to keep the self-renewal and the “stemness” states of stem cells, not letting them to differentiate. The actual roles of Histone 3 Lysine 9 dimethylation (H3K9me2) and its methyltransferase G9a in this process are still unclear, especially in cancer stem cells. In our study, we found an interesting observation that most(More)
BACKGROUND A vaccine for enterovirus 71 (EV71) is needed to address the high burden of disease associated with infection. We assessed the efficacy, safety, immunogenicity, antibody persistence, and immunological correlates of an inactivated alum-adjuvant EV71 vaccine. METHODS We did a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 trial. Healthy(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Probiotics have been used for cure and prevention of several clinical conditions. However, further insights into the mechanism of action are needed to understand the rationale of their use. The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of Lactobacillus GG on the genetic expression patterns in the small bowel mucosa. METHODS(More)