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Hydrogen gas was reported to reduce reactive oxygen species and alleviate cerebral, myocardial and hepatic ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injuries. This paper studied the effect of hydrogen-rich saline, which was easier for clinical application, on the intestinal I/R injury. Model of intestinal I/R injury was induced in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Physiological(More)
In the present study, we examined the mechanisms of hydrogen-rich saline, a reported therapeutic antioxidant, in the treatment of acute spinal cord contusion injury. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were used to produce a standardized model of contuses spinal cord injury (125 kdyn force). Hydrogen-rich saline was injected intraperitoneally (5 ml/kg) immediately,(More)
The brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) plays a critical role in pain hypersensitivity. BDNF is the ligand of P2X4 receptors (P2X4R) in the microglia. The causative factors involving the P2X4R over expression in the microglia remains unclear. Mast cell activation has a close relation with pain hypersensitivity. However, the underlying mechanism between(More)
OBJECTIVE To summarise our experiences of anaesthetic management under field conditions after the Wenchuan earthquake, China, on 12 May 2008. METHODS Medical records of earthquake victims who received emergency operations under anaesthetic techniques in our field hospital were retrospectively analysed, including patient's demographic data, injury types,(More)
Neuropathic pain is experienced as a result of disease or physical injury affecting the somatosensory system. It can be associated with abnormal sensations (dysesthesia) or evoked by normally nonpainful stimuli. Glia has emerged as key regulators of neuropathic pain perception and potential targets for drug development. Glia are activated upon peripheral(More)
Pathogenic pain is a common sign of many diseases. The mechanism is unclear. Activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) plays a critical role in cell activation. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is an important molecule in pathogenic pain. This study aims to investigate the role of ATF4 in inducing BDNF release from microglial cells. In this study,(More)
Effective recognition of viral infections and subsequent triggering of antiviral innate immune responses are essential for the host antiviral defense, which is tightly regulated by multiple regulators, including microRNAs (miRNAs). A previous study showed that miR-466l upregulates IL-10 expression in macrophages by antagonizing RNA-binding protein(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The mechanisms of glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3)-mediated cytoprotection during liver ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) remain controversial, particularly in older organs. This study explores the role and potential mechanisms of GSK-3 in young and aging livers. METHODS A rodent partial warm I/R model was used to evaluate the therapeutic(More)
Transient global ischemia (which closely resembles clinical situations such as cardiac arrest, near drowning or severe systemic hypotension during surgical procedures), often induces delayed neuronal death in the brain, especially in the hippocampal CA1 region. The mechanism of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury is not fully understood. In this study, we(More)
Lung ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury remains one of the most common complications after various cardiopulmonary surgeries. The inflammation response triggered by the released damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) aggravates lung tissue damage. However, little is known about the role of autophagy in the pathogenesis of lung I/R injury. Here, we(More)