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ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Korean red ginseng has been used as traditional medicine in East Asia. Recent scientific research revealed multiple effects of Korean red ginseng, including anticancer activity. To evaluate the effect of Korean red ginseng extract (KRGE) in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and elucidate its molecular mechanism. MATERIALS(More)
Arsenic trioxide (ATO) is a therapeutic agent for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) which induces PML-RARA protein degradation via enhanced UBE2I-mediated sumoylation. PCGF2, a Polycomb group protein, has been suggested as an anti-SUMO E3 protein by inhibiting the sumoylation of UBE2I substrates, HSF2 and RANGAP1, via direct interaction. Thus, we(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that Polycomb Repressive Complex 1 (PRC1) may play a negative role in the granulocytic differentiation of acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cells. We first examined the expression of PRC1 genes during all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)-mediated differentiation of human HL-60 cells, and identified PCGF2 as a gene down-regulated(More)
In distributed sensor networks, the researches for authenti-cation in sensor network have been focused on broadcast authentication. In this paper, we propose a message and its origin authentication protocol for data aggregation in sensor networks, based on one way hash chain and Merkle tree authentication with pre-deployment knowledge. Proposed protocol(More)
Near-field localization by ultrashort femtosecond light pulses has been investigated using simple geometrical nanoapertures. The apertures employ circular, rhombic, and triangular shapes to localize the distribution of surface plasmon. To understand the geometrical effect on the localization, aperture length and period of the nanoapertures were varied.(More)
ZRP is one of the well-known Hybrid routing protocols in MANET. But still it has lots of limitations due to network load by many useless control packets. When the protocol searches for a new route, it sends many worthless control packets. To enhance the ZRP in this paper, we propose ZMRP (Zone Multicast Routing Protocol). ZMRP reduces the network load by(More)
In this work, we investigate the detection sensitivity of surface plasmon resonance (SPR) biosensors by engineering spatial distribution of electromagnetic near-fields for colocalization with molecular distribution. The light-matter colocalization was based on plasmonic nanolithography, the concept of which was confirmed by detecting streptavidin biotin(More)
Combination therapy with two or more analgesics is widely used for conditions associated with moderate to severe pain. Combinations of diverse analgesics with different modes of action can improve the risk-benefit ratio of analgesic treatments. The aim of this study is to evaluate the antinociceptive effect of tapentadol (TAP) and flupirtine (FLP), when(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Lobarstin is a metabolite occurring from the Antarctic lichen Stereocaulon alpnum. Human glioblastoma is highly resistant to chemotherapy with temozolomide. Lobarstin was examined for its effect on glioblastoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS Temozolomide-resistant T98G cells were subjected to toxicity test with temozolomide and/or lobarstin. DNA(More)
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