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OBJECTIVE States vary greatly in their support for home- and community-based services (HCBS) that are intended to help disabled seniors live in the community. This article examines how states' generosity in providing HCBS affects the risk of nursing home admission among older Americans and how family availability moderates such effects. METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND Patients undergoing hip or knee replacement are at high risk of developing a postoperative venous thromboembolism even after discharge from hospital. We sought to identify hospital and patient characteristics associated with receiving thromboprophylaxis after discharge and to compare the risk of short-term mortality among those who did or did not(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of prospective review of significant drug-drug interactions (DDIs) occurring in medical intensive care unit (MICU) patients by the critical care pharmacist participating in patient care rounds on improvement of safer and more efficacious medication use. STUDY DESIGN A prospective consecutive(More)
This study examines how acute and chronic stresses associated with functional declines in seniors and their spouses are moderated by their informal and formal support contexts. In the United States, states vary greatly in their support for home and community-based services (HCBS) for seniors with disabilities. This state-to-state variation allowed us to(More)
OBJECTIVE Understanding of the effects of providers' cost on regional variation in healthcare spending is still very limited. The objective of this study is to assess cross-state and cross-region variations in inpatient cost of lower extremity amputation among diabetic patients (DLEA) in relation to patient, hospital, and state factors. METHODS Patient(More)
BACKGROUND The majority of Americans die in institutions although most prefer to die at home. States vary greatly in their proportion of home deaths. Although individuals' circumstances largely determine where they die, health policies may affect the range of options available to them. OBJECTIVE To examine whether states' spending on home- and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine pharmacy students' attitudes towards a required public health course and developing a public health program. METHOD Two hundred ten first-year pharmacy students enrolled in a public health course at a large private pharmacy school were surveyed. A 24-item adjective rating scale and a 10-item scale were used to measure students'(More)
In this paper, we propose a fast MPI algorithm for Monte Carlo approximation PageRank vector of all the nodes in a graph, named Fast Fibonacci Series-Based Personal PageRank. In the latter paper we will call it FFSB algorithm for short. The basic ideal is very efficiently computing single random walks of a given length starting at each node in a graph. More(More)