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Platelet-derived growth factors (PDGFs) were discovered more than two decades ago. Today the PDGF family of growth factors consists of five different disulphide-linked dimers built up of four different polypeptide chains encoded by four different genes. These isoforms, PDGF-AA, PDGF-AB, PDGF-BB, PDGF-CC and PDGF-DD, act via two receptor tyrosine kinases,(More)
Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is a serine protease involved in the degradation of blood clots through the activation of plasminogen to plasmin. Here we report on the identification of tPA as a specific protease able to activate platelet-derived growth factor C (PDGF-C). The newly identified PDGF-C is secreted as a latent dimeric factor (PDGF-CC) that(More)
Diffusion tensor imaging could be useful in characterizing movement disorders because it noninvasively examines multiple brain regions simultaneously. We report a multitarget imaging approach focused on the basal ganglia and cerebellum in Parkinson's disease, parkinsonian variant of multiple system atrophy, progressive supranuclear palsy, and essential(More)
The present study investigated the role of the endogenous cystathionine gamma-lyase (CSE) / hydrogen sulfide pathway in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis. Rats treated with intratracheal bleomycin were exposed either to the H2S donor NaHS or to saline. The results on day 7 showed that plasma H2S concentration and pulmonary CSE activity (H2S production(More)
The extracellular calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) belongs to family C of the G protein coupled receptors. Whether the CaSR is expressed in the pulmonary artery (PA) is unknown. The expression and distribution of CaSR were detected by RT-PCR, Western blotting and immunofluorescence. PA tension was detected by the pulmonary arterial ring technique, and the(More)
Platelet-derived growth factors (PDGFs) are important for normal tissue growth and maintenance. Overexpression of the classical PDGFs, PDGF-A and PDGF-B, has been linked to several diseases, including cancer, fibrotic disease and atherosclerosis. Recently, two novel PDGFs, PDGF-C and PDGF-D, were discovered. It has not yet been established whether PDGF-C(More)
OBJECTIVE The widespread clinical application of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) is limited by the lack of generally accepted reference values. This multicenter study aims to establish preliminary normal reference values for CGM parameters in a sample of healthy Chinese subjects. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 434 healthy individuals with(More)
Immunization with plasmid DNA, a relatively novel technique, is a promising vaccination technique. To improve the immune response by DNA vaccination various methods have been used, such as chemical adjuvants or immunomodulatory molecules formulated into microparticles or liposomes. The aim of this research is to evaluate the immune responses of sheep(More)
Many published case-control studies have investigated the association between rs12456492(A/G) variant in RIT2 gene and the risk of Parkinson's disease(PD); however, an ambiguous conclusion remains elusive. Our aim was to evaluate the association of RIT2 rs12456492(A/G) polymorphism with the risk of PD. We searched the Pubmed, Science Direct, EMBASE and(More)
There is a clear need to develop non-invasive markers of substantia nigra progression in Parkinson's disease. We previously found elevated free-water levels in the substantia nigra for patients with Parkinson's disease compared with controls in single-site and multi-site cohorts. Here, we test the hypotheses that free-water levels in the substantia nigra of(More)