AIM The roles of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and myocyte enhancer factor 2 isoforms (MEF2A, D) as mediators of the effects of ethanol on glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) expression are unclear. We studied the effects of ethanol in adipocytes in vivo and in vitro. METHODS Thirty-six male Wistar rats were divided into three groups and given ethanol in… (More)
PURPOSE To investigate noninvasive arterial spin-labeling (ASL) and blood oxygen level-dependent imaging (BOLD) sequences for measuring renal hemodynamics and oxygenation in contrast induced acute kidney injury (CIAKI) rat. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirteen SD rats were randomly grouped into CIAKI group and control group. Both ASL and BOLD sequences were… (More)
The title compound, C(26)H(38)O(6)·H(2)O, is a mono-ester of a derivative of maleopimaric acid, an abietic-type acid. The two fused and unbridged cyclo-hexane rings adopt approximate chair conformations while the three other three six-membered rings have boat conformations.