Hong-bin Xiao

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Plant natural products have been co-opted for millennia by humans for various uses such as flavor, fragrances, and medicines. These compounds often are only produced in relatively low amounts and are difficult to chemically synthesize, limiting access. While elucidation of the underlying biosynthetic processes might help alleviate these issues (e.g., via(More)
The phenolic components from Radix Salvia miltiorrhizae Bunge, a well-known herbal medicine (Dan-Shen in Chinese), have been investigated by high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC/ESI-MS/MS). HPLC analyses were performed on a reversed-phase C18 column using gradient elution. In the ESI mass spectra a(More)
A diverse array of neurotransmitters and neuromodulators control and affect brain function. A profound understanding of the signaling pathways and the neural circuits underlying behavior is therefore likely to require the tracking of concentration changes of active neurochemicals. In the present study, we demonstrate the feasibility of a method allowing the(More)
To investigate how taxane's substituents at C3' affect its metabolism, we compared the metabolism of cephalomannine and paclitaxel, a pair of analogs that differ slightly at the C3' position. After cephalomannine was incubated with human liver microsomes in an NADPH-generating system, two monohydroxylated metabolites (M1 and M2) were detected by liquid(More)
A method was developed for the simultaneous identification of astragalosides (AGs) and isoflavonoids (IFs) in the roots of Astragalus membranaceus and Astragalus mongholicus by HPLC coupled with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization MS/MS (HPLC-APCI-MS/MS). Diagnostic fragment ions of AGs and different group of IFs were obtained with one AG and eight IF(More)
Longdan Xiegan Decoction (LXD) is a formulated preparation composed of 10 ingredient herbs, with iridoids as the main bioactive components. In this study, a rapid, simple and reliable method of simultaneous determination of four iridoid glycosides in LXD using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with electrospray ionization mass(More)
Rhizoma Anemarrhenae (Zhimu in Chinese), the dried rhizome of Anemarrhena asphodeloides Bge. (Fam. Liliaceae), is a well-known traditional Chinese medicinal herb and has been used clinically in China for centuries to cure various diseases. However, like other traditional Chinese medicines, the effective constituents of this medicine, especially the(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Ecliptae herba, also known as "Mo-Han-Lian", has long been used in China to nourish Kidney and thereafter strengthen bones. Accumulating evidence indicates that extracts of Ecliptae herba have antiosteoporotic effect. However, the effective compounds and cellular mode of action are still unclear. To investigate the effect of(More)
An HPLC-UV-MS method for simultaneous identification of predominant phenolics and minor nucleoside derivatives in Gastrodia elata was developed, which was based on their UV and MS characteristics summarized through a series of homemade reference standard experiments. Phenolics showed characteristic UV lambda(max) at 267 nm, [M + NH(4)](+) base peak in(More)