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Arsenic, an ancient drug used in traditional Chinese medicine, has attracted worldwide interest because it shows substantial anticancer activity in patients with acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL). Arsenic trioxide (As2O3) exerts its therapeutic effect by promoting degradation of an oncogenic protein that drives the growth of APL cells, PML-RARalpha (a(More)
AIM To evaluate the efficacy and safety of 3,000 mg daily levetiracetam (LEV; Keppra) as an adjunctive therapy for Chinese patients with refractory partial seizures. METHODS This randomized, placebo-controlled trial consisted of an 8-week baseline period followed by a 4-week titration interval and a 12-week maintenance period, and concluded with a 4-week(More)
Numerous studies have demonstrated that neuroinflammation is associated with depression-like symptoms and neuropsychological disturbances, and cysteinyl leukotriene receptor 1 (CysLT1R) was reported to be involved in neuroinflammation. The pathophysiological role of CysLT1R has been reported in several types of brain damage. However, the role of CysLT1R in(More)
Synaptotagmin I is a key synaptic protein involved in both exocytosis and endocytosis. We aimed to investigate Synaptotagmin I expression in the anterior temporal neocortex of epilepsy patients, and to explore the possible role of Synaptotagmin I in refractory epilepsy. In the present study, 30 epilepsy patients were divided into refractory epilepsy and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Despite the successful use of a ketogenic diet in pediatric epilepsy, its application in adults has been limited. The aim of this meta-analysis was to summarize the findings of relevant published studies in order to identify the efficacy of and compliance with a ketogenic diet and its main subtypes (i.e., classic ketogenic diet and(More)
We investigated laminin beta1 expression in the hippocampi of patients with intractable epilepsy and explored the role of laminin beta1 in the pathogenesis of this condition. Fluorescence quantitative PCR, immunofluorescence, immunohistochemistry and Western blotting were used to measure laminin beta1 expression in surgically removed hippocampi of patients(More)
Reactive stromal changes in prostate cancer (PCa) are likely involved in the emergence of castration-resistant PCa (CRPC). This study was designed to investigate stromal changes in patients with clinically advanced PCa and analyze their prognostic significance. Prostate needle biopsies obtained from 148 patients before castration therapy were analyzed by(More)
Our previous studies showed that cysteinyl leukotrienes receptor 1 (CysLT1R) is upregulated in amyloid-β (Aβ)-induced neurotoxicity and that administration of CysLT1R antagonists such as pranlukast or montelukast can ameliorate memory impairment in mice. In the current study, we sought to explore the role of CysLT1R in intracerebroventricular streptozotocin(More)
Caragana intermedia is an important shrub plant with high ecological and economic value. Here, we reported and analyzed the complete chloroplast (cp) genome of C. intermedia. This cp genome is relatively short (129,331 bp) because it lacks an Inverted Repeat (IR) region. It comprises 111 genes, including four unique rRNAs, 31 tRNAs, and 76 protein-coding(More)
BACKGROUND Emerging data have demonstrated that peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor δ (PPARδ) activation confers a potentially neuroprotective role in some neurodegenerative diseases. However, whether PPARδ is involved in depression is unknown. METHODS In this study, PPARδ was firstly investigated in the chronic mild stress (CMS) and learned(More)