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To investigate the effects of silymarin on the pharmacokinetics of losartan and its active metabolite E-3174 and its relationship with CYP2C9 genotypes. Twelve healthy adult men of known CYP2C9 genotype (six CYP2C9*1/*1 and six CYP2C9*1/*3) were recruited in a two-phase randomized crossover design study. The pharmacokinetics of losartan and E-3174 were(More)
We examined genetically determined oxidation polymorphisms of metoprolol and mephenytoin in 200 unrelated, healthy Japanese subjects and in 98 mainland Chinese subjects simultaneously. This examination was done according to the respective reported phenotyping criteria by use of the urinary metabolic ratio of metoprolol and of the percentage of excretion of(More)
BACKGROUND Rosuvastatin, a novel potent HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor, is excreted into bile mediated by breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP). Our objective was to determine the association between the most frequent single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the BCRP (421C>A) and the pharmacokinetics of rosuvastatin. METHOD Pre-screening of SLCO1B1 521TC(More)
The incidence of the S-mephenytoin polymorphism was compared in two Chinese ethnic groups, Han (n = 101) and Bai (n = 202) by phenotype and genotype analysis. The frequency of poor metabolizers (PMs) in Han vs. Bai subjects was 19.8% vs. 13.4%. Han subjects had a higher frequency of the mutant CYP2C19m1 allele (0.366 vs. 0.257, P < .01) and a lower(More)
The traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs) are essential components of alternative medicines. Many TCMs are known to alter the expression of hepatic drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters. The molecular mechanism by which TCMs and/or their constituents regulate enzyme and transporter expression, however, has remained largely unknown. In this report, we(More)
Either G-2964 or A734 in the human CYP1A2 gene was confirmed to be associated with high inducible enzyme activity in smokers, but not in nonsmokers. In this study, for the first time, we observed an association between phenotypes and genotypes of CYP1A2 with respect to the two genetic polymorphisms in 163 healthy Chinese volunteers living in Qidong. The(More)
There are ethnic differences in the prevalence and severity of hypertension and asthma and in beta-2 adrenergic receptor (BAR2)-mediated vascular responses. Two common polymorphisms of the human BAR2, Arg16 to Gly and Gln27 to Glu, are associated with alterations in BAR2 response, both in vitro and in vivo. Ethnic differences in disease manifestations and(More)
BACKGROUND Both atorvastatin and rifampicin are substrates of OATP1B1 (organic anion transporting polypeptide 1B1) encoded by SLCO1B1 gene. Rifampicin is a potent inhibitor of SLCO1B1 (IC50 1.5 umol/l) and SLCO1B1 521T>C functional genetic polymorphism alters the kinetics of atorvastatin in vivo. We hypothesize that rifampicin might influence atorvastatin(More)
OBJECTIVE St John's wort, an extract of the medicinal plant Hypericum perforatum, is widely used as an herbal antidepressant. Although the ability of St John's wort to induce cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A4-mediated reaction has been well established, the effect on CYP2C19 is still not determined. Thus the objective of this study was to determine the impact of St(More)
Interethnic differences are important factors accounting for interindividual variations in drug responsiveness. However, these differences in drug response have been a relatively neglected area of investigation, so that similar doses are prescribed to different ethnic populations without consideration of interethnic pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic(More)