Learn More
This paper provides a general overview of tactual displays (i.e., devices that communicate to a user through the sense of touch) and issues concerning the development of such displays for wearable computing. A wearable tactile directional display is presented. It takes advantage of a sensory phenomenon called ‘sensory saltation’ and simulates directional(More)
In these experiments, two plates were grasped between the thumb and the index finger and squeezed together along a linear track. The force resisting the squeeze, produced by an electromechanical system under computer control, was programmed to be either constant (in the case of the force discrimination experiments) or linearly increasing (in the case of the(More)
In these experiments, two plates were grasped between the thumb and forefinger and squeezed together along a linear track. An electromechanical system presented a constant resistance force during the squeeze up to a predetermined location on the track, whereupon the force effectively went to infinity (simulating a wall) or to zero (simulating a cliff). The(More)
This paper discusses the design criteria imposed by the capabilities of the human user on the design of force reflecting controllers for hands and arms. A framework of issues regarding human capabilities is presented that maps directly to mechanical design requirements. The state of knowledge for each capability is briefly summarized along with presentation(More)
We report two experiments designed to investigate the potential use of vibrotactile warning signals to present spatial information to car drivers. Participants performed an attention-demanding rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) monitoring task. Meanwhile, whenever they felt a vibrotactile stimulus presented on either their front or back, they had to(More)
We have been developing a haptic back display using a 3-by-3 tactor array. This paper reports two studies that investigated the use of such a display for delivering attentionand direction-related information to its user. The first study measured the effectiveness of haptic cues in redirecting an observer’s visual spatial attention. The observer was first(More)
This paper describes a wearable navigation system based on a haptic directional display embedded in the back of a vest. The system consists of a 4-by-4 array of micromotors for delivering haptic navigational signals to the user’s back, an infrared-based input system for locating the user in an environment, and a wearable computer for route planning. User(More)
This paper explores the use of haptic feedback to teach an abstract motor skill that requires recalling a sequence of forces. Participants are guided along a trajectory and are asked to learn a sequence of onedimensional forces via three paradigms: haptic training, visual training, or combined visuohaptic training. The extent of learning is measured by(More)