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Prostate cancer is the most common male cancer and there is an urgent need for adjuvant therapy such as immunotherapy. Recombinant adeno-associated virus type 2 (rAAV) vectors are useful for antigen gene-loading of human dendritic cells (DC) and for the rapid generation of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL). In this study, we report a protocol for AAV-loading of(More)
In this paper we describe the data collection for the TBALL project (Technology Based Assessment of Language and Literacy) and report the results of our efforts. We focus on aspects of our corpus that distinguish it from currently available corpora. The speakers are children (grades K-4), largely non-native speakers of English, and from diverse(More)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) are more prevalent in spontaneous abortions than elect abortions and preferentially infect the trophoblasts. Related to this, HPV type 16 has been shown to productively replicate in 3A trophoblasts in tissue culture. Extending these earlier studies, the described study addresses the issue whether other genital HPV types (11, 18,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Olfactory dysfunction is commonly associated with IPD. We here report the association of OB volume and OS depth with olfactory function in patients with PD. MATERIALS AND METHODS Morphometric analyses by using MR imaging and the Japanese T&T olfactometer threshold test were used to evaluate olfactory structure and function in 29(More)
Two Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, moderately halophilic, rod-shaped bacteria (strains Ar-45(T) and DY470(T)) were isolated from seawater collected from the Southern Ocean and the Pacific Ocean, respectively. Growth of strain Ar-45(T) was observed with between 0.5 and 10.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimally with 0.5-3.0 %) and between pH 5.5 and 9.5. Strain DY470(T)(More)
BACKGROUND Endotoxin tolerance is an important mechanism to maintain the homeostasis of liver. It was reported that suppressors of cytokine signalling-1 was a negative regulator of lipopolysaccharide-induced macrophages activation, however, the mechanism underlying endotoxin tolerance and suppressors of cytokine signalling-1 has not been fully elucidated.(More)
BACKGROUND Schistosomes depend for growth and development on host hormonal signals, which may include the insulin signalling pathway. We cloned and assessed the function of two insulin receptors from Schistosoma japonicum in order to shed light on their role in schistosome biology. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We isolated, from S. japonicum, insulin(More)
Peptidoglycan recognition proteins (PGRPs) are pattern recognition molecules of the innate immune system that recognize peptidoglycan, a unique bacterial cell wall component. Here we cloned and characterized PGRP-S from the bumblebee Bombus ignitus (BiPGRP-S). The BiPGRP-S gene consists of four exons that encode 194 amino acid residues. Comparative analysis(More)
Insulin receptors have been previously identified in Schistosoma japonicum that can bind human insulin. We used the purified recombined protein of the ligand domain of S.japonicum insulin receptor 2 (SjLD2) in three independent murine vaccine/challenge trials. Compared with controls, vaccination of mice with SjLD2 resulted in a significant reduction in(More)
Schistosomiasis is one of the most prevalent, insidious and serious of the tropical parasitic diseases. Although the effective anthelmintic drug, praziquantel, is widely available and cheap, it does not protect against re-infection, drug-resistant schistosome may evolve and mass drug administration programmes based around praziquantel are probably(More)