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The genomic architecture of protocadherin (Pcdh) gene clusters is remarkably similar to that of the immunoglobulin and T cell receptor gene clusters, and can potentially provide significant molecular diversity. Pcdh genes are abundantly expressed in the central nervous system. These molecules are primary candidates for establishing specific neuronal(More)
This paper is a compilation of notes on 142 fungal taxa, including five new families, 20 new genera, and 100 new species, representing a wide taxonomic and geographic range. The new families, Ascocylindricaceae, Caryosporaceae and Wicklowiaceae (Ascomycota) are introduced based on their distinct lineages and unique morphology. The new Dothideomycete genera(More)
One of the most effective approaches for determining gene function involves engineering mice with mutations or deletions in endogenous genes of interest. Historically, this approach has been limited by the difficulty and time required to generate such mice. We describe the development of a high-throughput and largely automated process, termed VelociGene,(More)
MicroRNA (miRNA) silencing fine-tunes protein output and regulates diverse biological processes. Argonaute (Ago) proteins are the core effectors of the miRNA pathway. In lower organisms, multiple Agos have evolved specialized functions for distinct RNA silencing pathways. However, the roles of mammalian Agos have not been well characterized. Here we show(More)
A plant source of omega-3 fatty acid (FA) that can raise tissue eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and/or docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is needed. A soybean oil (SBO) containing approximately 20% stearidonic acid [SDA; the delta-6 desaturase product of alpha-linolenic acid (ALA)] derived from genetically modified soybeans is under development. This study compared the(More)
BACKGROUND The results of recent published studies focusing on CYP17 polymorphisms in prostate cancer (PCa) susceptibility are often conflicting. We performed a meta-analysis based on 38 independent studies to evaluate the association. METHODS Data were collected from the following electronic databases: PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database, and Chinese(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) regulate gene expression through translation repression and mRNA destabilization. However, the molecular mechanisms of miRNA silencing are still not well defined. Using a genetic screen in mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells, we identify mammalian hyperplastic discs protein EDD, a known E3 ubiquitin ligase, as a key component of the miRNA(More)
The aim of our meta-analysis was to assess the association between BDNF Val66Met polymorphism and treatment response in patients with MDD. 8 studies that included data from 1115 subjects were identified. We tested two phenotypes: response rate and remission rate. OR was used as a measure of the effect of the association in a fixed/random effect model.(More)
The aims of the present study are to evaluate the difference of the levels of soluble Fas (sFas) antigen between patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and healthy controls and to explore whether sFas has a role in either the disease activity or the organ damage in SLE. Serum levels of sFas were measured in 40 Chinese patients with SLE and 15(More)
BACKGROUND Up to 80% of women with breast cancer use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) therapies to improve quality of life (QOL) during treatment. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to explore the association between CAM therapy use, spending on CAM therapies, demographic variables, surgical treatment, and QOL. METHODS A secondary(More)