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PURPOSE Inhibition of the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) axis is the basis of all currently approved antiangiogenic therapies. In preclinical models, anti-VEGF blocking antibodies have shown broad efficacy that is dependent on both tumor context and treatment duration. We aimed to characterize this activity and to evaluate the effects of(More)
Neuropilin-1 (NRP1) acts as a co-receptor for class 3 semaphorins and vascular endothelial growth factor and is an attractive angiogenesis target for cancer therapy. In addition to the transmembrane form, naturally occurring soluble NRP1 proteins containing part of the extracellular domain have been identified in tissues and a cell line. We developed ELISAs(More)
MEHD7945A is a novel dual-action monoclonal antibody in which each of the two antigen-binding fragments is capable of binding to EGFR and HER3 with high affinity. It is being evaluated as a potential therapy for human cancer. The purpose of these studies was to characterize the pharmacokinetics (PK) of MEHD7945A in mouse and monkey and predict its human PK(More)
To compare the pharmacokinetics (PK) of MNRP1685A, a human monoclonal antibody (mAb) against neuropilin-1 (NRP1), in mice, rats, monkeys, and cancer patients from a Phase I study to model with parallel linear and nonlinear clearances. Binding characteristics of MNRP1685A in different species were evaluated using surface plasmon resonance technology. PK(More)
Apo2L/TRAIL exhibits enhanced apoptotic activity in tumor xenograft models when used in combination with the topoisomerase 1 inhibitor CPT-11. To investigate the cellular mechanisms involved in this increased tumor-killing activity, a series of in vitro experiments were conducted using the human colon carcinoma cell line (HCT116). Apo2L/TRAIL induced a(More)
Binding of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) to the receptor tyrosine kinase MET is implicated in the malignant process of multiple cancers, making disruption of this interaction a promising therapeutic strategy. However, targeting MET with bivalent antibodies can mimic HGF agonism via receptor dimerization. To address this limitation, we have developed(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Neuropilin-1 (NRP1) is a VEGF receptor that is widely expressed in normal tissues and is involved in tumour angiogenesis. MNRP1685A is a rodent and primate cross-binding human monoclonal antibody against NRP1 that exhibits inhibition of tumour growth in NPR1-expressing preclinical models. However, widespread NRP1 expression in normal(More)
Apo2L/TRAIL [Apo2 ligand/tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand], a member of the TNF cytokine superfamily, induces cell death by apoptosis in a number of human cancer cells and is a potential agent for cancer therapy. We have characterized the in vitro stability of Apo2L/TRAIL in human serum and the tissue distribution and metabolism(More)
MNRP1685A is a human monoclonal antibody that blocks binding of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), VEGF-B, and placental growth factor 2 to neuropilin-1 resulting in vessel immaturity and VEGF dependency. The safety of combining MNRP1685A with bevacizumab, with or without paclitaxel, was examined. Patients with advanced solid tumors received(More)
The human monoclonal antibody MNRP1685A targets the VEGF binding domain of neuropilin-1 (NRP1), a multi-domain receptor necessary for neural development and blood vessel maturation. In nonclinical studies, MNRP1685A prevents vascular maturation by keeping blood vessels in an immature, highly VEGF-dependent state. We explored the safety and tolerability of(More)