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We describe a mechanism for protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) targeting to the androgen receptor (AR) and provide insight into the more general issue of kinase and phosphatase interactions with AR. Simian virus 40 (SV40) small t antigen (ST) binding to N-terminal HEAT repeats in the PP2A A subunit induces structural changes transduced to C-terminal HEAT(More)
The ability to retain DNA labels over time is a property proposed to be associated with adult stem cells. Recently, label retaining cells (LRC) were indentified in cancer. LRC were suggested to be the result of either slow-cycling or asymmetric-cell-division with nonrandom-chromosomal-cosegregation (ACD-NRCC). ACD-NRCC is proposed to segregate the older(More)
INTRODUCTION Over 50% of patients with colorectal cancer (CRC) will progress and/or develop metastases. Biomarkers capable of predicting progression, risk stratification and therapeutic benefit are needed. Cancer stem cells are thought to be responsible for tumor initiation, dissemination and treatment failure. Therefore, we hypothesized that CRC cancer(More)
OBJECTIVE The standard therapy for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is sorafenib, with most patients experiencing disease progression within 6 months. Label-retaining cancer cells (LRCC) represent a novel subpopulation of cancer stem cells (CSC). The objective was to test whether LRCC are resistant to sorafenib. METHODS We tested human HCC derived(More)
Label-retaining cells (LRCs) have been proposed to represent adult tissue stem cells. LRCs are hypothesized to result from either slow cycling or asymmetric cell division (ACD). However, the stem cell nature and whether LRC undergo ACD remain controversial. Here, we demonstrate label-retaining cancer cells (LRCCs) in several gastrointestinal (GI) cancers(More)
Colorectal cancer (CRC) holds the third highest incidence and cancer related mortality rate among men and women in the United States. Unfortunately, there has been little progression made in the treatment of this deadly disease once it has spread beyond the colon. It has been hypothesize that colon cancer stem cells are implicated in CRC carcinogenesis,(More)
OBJECTIVE Stem-like cancer cells contribute to cancer initiation and maintenance. Stem cells can self-renew by asymmetric cell division (ACD). ACD with non-random chromosomal cosegregation (ACD-NRCC) is one possible self-renewal mechanism. There is a paucity of evidence supporting ACD-NRCC in human cancer. Our aim was to investigate ACD-NRCC and its(More)
No systemic therapy is effective against pancreatic cancer (PC). Pancreatic cancer stem cells (PCSC) are hypothesized to account for therapeutic resistance. Several PCSC subpopulations were reported, each characterized by different markers. To be able to target PCSC, we sought to better define this putative heterogeneity. Therefore, we tested most of the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIM Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) has limited anticancer efficacy in EGFR-positive esophageal cancer (EsC) and malignant mesothelioma (MPM). The underlying molecular mechanism of resistance to EGFR-TKI in these types of cancer remains unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS We tested sensitivity to EGFR-TKI,(More)
Recently, we reported that anticancer bioactive peptide (ACBP), purified from goat spleens immunized with human gastric cancer extracts, significantly inhibited gastric cancer cells in vitro and gastric tumors in vivo via repressing cell growth and promoting apoptosis, making it a promising potential biological anticancer drug. However, it is not known what(More)