Learn More
A comprehensive, geometrically accurate, nonlinear C0-C7 FE model of head and cervical spine based on the actual geometry of a human cadaver specimen was developed. The motions of each cervical vertebral level under pure moment loading of 1.0 Nm applied incrementally on the skull to simulate the movements of the head and cervical spine under flexion,(More)
The definition of cervical spinal instability has been a subject of considerable debate and has not been clearly established. Stability of the motion segment is provided by ligaments, facet joints, and disc, which restrict range of movement. Moreover, permanent damage to one of the stabilizing structures alters the roles of the other two. Although many(More)
A systematic approach using factorial analysis was conducted on the C4-C6 finite element model to analyse the influence of six spinal components (cortical shell, vertebral body, posterior elements, endplate, disc annulus and disc nucleus) on the internal stresses and external biomechanical responses under compression, anterior and posterior shear. Results(More)
In this paper, an anatomically accurate three-dimensional finite-element (FE) model of the human lumbar spine (L2-L3) was used to study the biomechanical effects of graded bilateral and unilateral facetectomies of L3 under anterior shear. The intact L2-L3 FE model was validated under compression, tension, and shear loading and the predicted responses(More)
Studies reported previously in the literature have described the importance of material variation on the cervical responses and have examined some effects by varying the material properties, but there is no systematic approach using statistical methods to understand the influence of material variation on a cervical spine model under a full range of loading(More)
This study was conducted to develop a detailed, nonlinear three-dimensional geometrically and mechanically accurate finite-element model of the human lower cervical spine using a high-definition digitizer. This direct digitizing process also offers an additional method in the development of the finite-element model for the human cervical spine. The(More)
In this study, the digitized geometrical data of the embalmed skull and vertebrae (C0-C7) of a 68-year old male cadaver were processed to develop a comprehensive, geometrically accurate, nonlinear C0-C7 FE model. The biomechanical response of human neck under physiological static loadings, near vertex drop impact and rear-end impact (whiplash) conditions(More)
INTRODUCTION In human, the cervical spine region is very susceptible to impact injury. The complex structures of C1 and C2 serve to transmit the weight of the cranium to the greatly similar structural cervical spine from C3 caudally. Application of sudden disruption forces will detach the junction of the cervico-cranium with the pars interarticularis of the(More)
A parametric study was conducted to evaluate axial stiffness of the interbody fusion, compressive stress, and bulging in the endplate due to changes in the spacer position with/without fusion bone using an anatomically accurate and validated L2-L3 finite-element model exercised under physiological axial compression. The results show that the spacer plays an(More)
OBJECTIVE Although a number of in vivo, in vitro, and finite element studies have attempted to delineate the natural biomechanics, injury mechanisms, and surgical techniques of the cervical spine, none has explored the influence of various preload magnitudes and orientations on the biomechanical responses. METHODS A nonlinear three-dimensional finite(More)