Hong-Tao Zhu

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Uch37 is a de-ubiquitinating enzyme that is activated by Rpn13 and involved in the proteasomal degradation of proteins. The full-length Uch37 was shown to exhibit low iso-peptidase activity and is thought to be auto-inhibited. Structural comparisons revealed that within a homo-dimer of Uch37, each of the catalytic domains was blocking the other’s ubiquitin(More)
“Long-Dan” is an important traditional Chinese medicinal (TCM) herb used widely for the treatment of inflammation, hepatitis, rheumatism, cholecystitis, and tuberculosis. In the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, the roots and rhizomes of four species from the genus Gentiana (Gentianaceae) are recorded as the original materials of “Long-Dan”, called Gentianae Radix et(More)
INTRODUCTION Congenital dysplasia of the hip is an abnormal seating of the femoral head in the acetabulum, mainly caused by shallow acetabulum and lax joint capsule. Genetic factors play a considerable role in the pathogenesis of congenital dysplasia of the hip. The gene growth differentiate factor 5 (GDF5) has been implicated in skeletal development and(More)
Chemical study on the roots of Gentiana crassicaulis Duthie ex Burk (Gentianaceae) afforded 15 compounds, including two new iridoid glycosides, qinjiaosides B (1) and C (2). Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods and chemical evidence. The isolated iridoid glycosides 1, 4–6 and 8–11 were tested for their anti-inflammatory activity by the(More)
Fuzhuan brick tea, a kind of dark tea consumed mainly in the border regions of Southwestern and Northwestern China since the 1860s, is produced from the leaves of Camellia sinensis var. sinensis by microbial fermentation. From this special fermented tea, a new norisoprenoid, 3R,9R-oxido-5-megastigmene, was isolated, together with α-linolenic acid, strictin,(More)
“Long-Dan” and “Qin-Jiao” are two important TCM herbs since ancient times in China. In the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, the dried roots and rhizomes of four species from the genus Gentiana, e.g. Gentiana manshurica, G. scabra, G. triflora and G. rigescens, are recorded under the name of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma (“Long-Dan” in Chinese), while the other four(More)
Plant cyclopeptides are a large group of small molecule metabolites found in a wide variety of plants, including traditional Chinese medicinal plants. Many of the cyclopeptides have highly unusual structures and potent biological activities. However, the majority of the cyclopeptides have not been studied for their biosynthetic mechanisms. In this study, we(More)
Two new highly oxygenated limonoids, flexuosoids A (1) and B (2), and three new arylnaphthalene lignan glycosides, phyllanthusmins D–F (3–5), were isolated from the roots of Phyllanthus flexuosus, in addition to three known lignans, phyllanthusmin C, arabelline, and (+)-diasyringaresinol. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of detailed(More)
BACKGROUND Panax notoginseng is an important Chinese medicinal plant. Dammarene-type triterpenoid saponins are main pharmacologically effective compounds in P. notoginseng. This study aims to investigate the formation and accumulation of saponins in P. notoginseng roots during germination and juvenile stage. METHODS P. notoginseng seeds were collected and(More)