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“Long-Dan” is an important traditional Chinese medicinal (TCM) herb used widely for the treatment of inflammation, hepatitis, rheumatism, cholecystitis, and tuberculosis. In the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, the roots and rhizomes of four species from the genus Gentiana (Gentianaceae) are recorded as the original materials of “Long-Dan”, called Gentianae Radix et(More)
Six new bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids (1-6) and seven known compounds (8-14) were isolated from the tubers of Stephania epigaea, in addition to the major alkaloid, cepharanthine (7). The structures of 1-6 were elucidated by combined spectroscopic data analysis and chemical methods, with their configurations determined from their optical rotation values(More)
Chemical study on the roots of Gentiana crassicaulis Duthie ex Burk (Gentianaceae) afforded 15 compounds, including two new iridoid glycosides, qinjiaosides B (1) and C (2). Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods and chemical evidence. The isolated iridoid glycosides 1, 4–6 and 8–11 were tested for their anti-inflammatory activity by the(More)
Fuzhuan brick tea, a kind of dark tea consumed mainly in the border regions of Southwestern and Northwestern China since the 1860s, is produced from the leaves of Camellia sinensis var. sinensis by microbial fermentation. From this special fermented tea, a new norisoprenoid, 3R,9R-oxido-5-megastigmene, was isolated, together with α-linolenic acid, strictin,(More)
Two new highly oxygenated limonoids, flexuosoids A (1) and B (2), and three new arylnaphthalene lignan glycosides, phyllanthusmins D–F (3–5), were isolated from the roots of Phyllanthus flexuosus, in addition to three known lignans, phyllanthusmin C, arabelline, and (+)-diasyringaresinol. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of detailed(More)
“Long-Dan” and “Qin-Jiao” are two important TCM herbs since ancient times in China. In the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, the dried roots and rhizomes of four species from the genus Gentiana, e.g. Gentiana manshurica, G. scabra, G. triflora and G. rigescens, are recorded under the name of Gentianae Radix et Rhizoma (“Long-Dan” in Chinese), while the other four(More)
A detailed chemical investigation of the red resins from Dracaena cochinchinensis (Chinese dragon’s blood) yielded five new flavonoid oligomers, named cochinchinenins D-H (1–5), together with a known biflavonoid, cinnabarone (6), and a mixture of two known biflavonoids, socotrin-4′-ol (7) and homoisosocotrin-4′-ol (8). Of these new compounds, 1–3 were(More)
Three new acylated flavonoid C-glycosides, 6‴-(-)-phaseoylspinosin (1), 6‴-(3″″,4″″,5″″-trimethoxyl)-(E)-cinnamoylspinosin (2), and 6‴-(4″″-O-β-D-gluco-pyranosyl)-benzoylspinosin (3), were isolated from the seeds of Ziziphus mauritiana (Rhamnaceae). A further 19 known compounds including eight spinosin analogues (4–11) were also isolated. Their structures(More)
Four new dammarane-type triterpenoid saponins, namely notoginsenosides SFt 1 –SFt 4 (1–4) were isolated from the steamed leaves of Panax notoginseng (Burk.) F. H. Chen (Araliaceae), together with 17 known saponins. Their structures were established on the basis of detailed spectroscopic analyses and acidic hydrolysis. The known ginsenosides Rk 2 and Rh 3(More)
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