Hong Sung Kim

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Oncolytic viral vectors have shown promise as antitumor therapeutic agents but their effectiveness is complicated by induction of antiviral antibody responses and rapid host clearance of recombinant vectors. We developed a recombinant oncolytic vaccinia virus expressing the 4-1BBL T-cell costimulatory molecule (rV-4-1BBL) and showed modest tumor regression(More)
Utilizing three biocompatible components, a series of novel cationic lipids has been chemically synthesized and tested for their gene-transferring capabilities in 293 transformed kidney cells and B16BL6 mouse melanoma cells. The synthesized cationic lipids consisting of a core of lysine and aspartic acid with hydrocarbon chains of varied length were(More)
The consumption of caffeine from some common beverages has been associated with low bone mass by inducing urinary calcium loss and deceasing bone mineral density. However, the effect of caffeine on osteoclast differentiation is still unclear. Here, we demonstrate that caffeine directly enhances osteoclast differentiation and maturation. TRAP staining showed(More)
Recently, salmosin, a novel snake venom-derived disintegrin containing the Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) sequence, was reported to be both antiangiogenic and antitumorigenic. The antitumor activity was substantiated by in vivo administration of recombinant salmosin into mice bearing tumors. However, it was difficult to prepare functionally active recombinant salmosin(More)
We chemically synthesized two different cationic lipids consisting of a core of lysine, two C-14 hydrocarbon chains, and either aspartatic acid or glutamic acid. The lipids were assigned the acronyms, DMKD and DMKE. Cationic liposomes prepared with the two different lipids were tested for their gene-transferring capabilities in various cell lines compared(More)
The eradication of tumors by the immune system depends on the generation of antigen-specific T cells which can migrate to sites of tumor growth and maintain their effector functions despite local tumor-derived T-cell inhibitory factors. Interleukin-21 (IL-21) is an IL-2-related cytokine that has shown limited evidence of antitumor activity in murine models(More)
The gastrointestinal mucosa contains an intact immune system that protects the host from pathogens and communicates with the systemic immune system. Absorptive epithelial cells in the mucosa give rise to malignant tumors although the interaction between tumor cells and the mucosal immune system is not well defined. The pathophysiology of colorectal cancer(More)
Insulin is one of the main factors affecting bone and energy metabolism, however, the direct effect of insulin on osteoclast differentiation remains unclear. Thus, in order to help elucidate that puzzle, the authors investigated the roles and regulatory mechanisms of insulin on osteoclasts differentiation. Co-stimulation with insulin and RANKL significantly(More)
Fusogenic liposomes that incorporate Sendai virus envelope proteins, so-called Sendai virosomes, have been developed for in vitro and in vivo genetic modification of animal cells. In this study, several different virosomes of varying lipid compositions were formulated and their in vitro gene-transfer efficiencies compared. The virosomes were prepared by(More)
Transfection of the antiangiogenic angiostatin and endostatin genes was shown to be an alternative to high-dose administration of angiostatin or endostatin proteins for cancer therapy. We have systematically investigated whether coadministration of the mouse angiostatin kringle 1-3 gene (pFLAG-AngioK1/3) and the endostatin gene (pFLAG-Endo) complexed with(More)