Hong-Shi Li

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BACKGROUND The pain caused by orthodontic treatment has been considered as tough problems in orthodontic practice. There is substantial literature on pain which has exactly effected on learning and memory; orthodontic tooth movement affected the emotional status has been showed positive outcomes. Danggui-Shaoyao-San (DSS) is a Traditional Chinese Medicine(More)
One promising strategy to prevent the chronicity of post-operative pain (POP) is to attenuate acute POP during the early phase by efficacious medications with fewer side effects. Duloxetine, one of the serotonin (5-HT)-norepinephrine (NE) reuptake inhibitors (SNRI), is used to treat a wide range of acute and chronic pain. However, its effect on POP has not(More)
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