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beta-Amyloid protein (Abeta), a major protein component of brain senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease, is known to be directly responsible for the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and induction of apoptosis. In this study, the protective effect of puerarin, an isoflavone purified from the radix of the Chinese herb Pueraria lobata, on(More)
Astaxanthin (ATX), the most abundant flavonoids in propolis, has been proven to exert neuroprotective property against glutamate-induced neurotoxicity and ischemia-reperfusion-induced apoptosis. Previous study have revealed that ATX can rescue PC12 cells from Aβ(25-35)-induced apoptotic death. However, the mechanisms by which ATX mediates its therapeutic(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) and other polyglutamine (polyQ) neurodegenerative diseases are characterized by neuronal accumulation of the disease protein, suggesting that the cellular ability to handle abnormal proteins is compromised. As a multi-subunit protein localized in the mitochondria of eukaryotic cells, the F(0)F(1)-ATP synthase alpha belongs to the(More)
Microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) play a critical role in maintaining normal cytoskeletal architecture and functions. In the present study, we aim to explore the effects of the emotional stressor, chronic restraint stress, on the expression levels and localization of tau and MAP2. We found that after chronic restraint stress, soluble(More)
OBJECTIVE Munc18-1 has an important role in neurotransmitter release, and controls every step in the exocytotic pathway in the central nervous system. In the present study, whether epileptic seizure causes a change of Munc18 localization in neuronal nuclei was analyzed. METHODS Epilepsy models were established by injection of kainic acid (KA) solution(More)
Our previous study has shown that acteoside, an antioxidative phenylethanoid glycoside, protect against beta-amyloid (Aβ)-induced cytotoxicity in vitro. However, the precise protective mechanisms remains unclear. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a crucial factor in the response to oxidative injury, protecting neurons against Aβ-induced injury. In the present(More)
The biological function of full-length amyloid-beta protein precursor (APP), the precursor of Abeta, is not fully understood. Mounting studies reported that antibody binding to cell surface APP causes neuronal injury. However, the mechanism of cell surface APP mediating neuronal injury remains to be determined. Colocalization of APP with integrin on cell(More)
OBJECTIVE Munc18 is considered as an intracellular protein that plays an important role in exocytosis of neurotransmitters. Previous studies have demonstrated the presence of autoantibodies against Munc18 in a subgroup of Rasmussen's encephalitis patients. However, the machinery of Munc18 autoimmunity is still elusive. The present study was aimed to(More)
OBJECTIVE To establish a nerve cell injury model by incubating PC12 cell line in the presence of Abeta25-35 to study the effect of puerarin on apoptosis of nerve cells. METHODS PC12 cells were incubated with Abeta25-35 and puerarin. Cell viability was detected by MTT. The cellular morphology was observed with electron microscopy. FITC-labeled Annexin V(More)
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