Learn More
It has been reported that lysosomal proteases play important roles in ischemic and excitotoxic neuronal cell death. We have previously reported that cathepsin B expression increased remarkably after traumatic brain injury (TBI). The present study sought to investigate the effects of a selective cathepsin B inhibitor (CBI)(More)
BACKGROUND Loss of a sensory function is often followed by the hypersensitivity of other modalities in mammals, which secures them well-awareness to environmental changes. Cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying cross-modal sensory plasticity remain to be documented. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Multidisciplinary approaches, such as(More)
Fibrates, such as ciprofibrate, fenofibrate, and clofibrate, are peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha (PPARalpha) agonists that have been in clinical use for many decades for treatment of dyslipidemia. When mice and rats are given PPARalpha agonists, these drugs cause hepatic peroxisome proliferation, hypertrophy, hyperplasia, and eventually(More)
To evaluate the long-term effects of single or recurrent prolonged neonatal seizures on seizure threshold and neuronal activity in the brain, a novel "twist" seizure was induced by coupling early-life flurothyl-induced seizures with later exposure to pentylenetetrazol. The authors assigned six neonatal rats for each group: the single-seizure group (SS), the(More)
To evaluate the pathophysiological mechanism of subsequent reduced seizure threshold following neonatal seizures, single or recurrent prolonged seizures were induced to neonatal rats by the inhalant flurothyl. The expression of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor 1 (NR1) and gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor A-alpha 1 (GABA-A-alpha 1) immunoreactivity in(More)
For the purpose of investigating the role of physical exercise in developmental seizure-induced cognitive deficit, hippocampal mossy fiber sprouting and related gene expression, a seizure was induced by penicillin every other day in Sprague-Dawley rats from postnatal day 24 (P24). The authors assigned ten rats each randomly into the control group (CONT1),(More)
Zinc transporters (ZnTs) and plasticity-related genes (PRGs) both play the key roles in the formation of hippocampal mossy fiber sprouting, which is associated with cognitive deficits following developmental seizures. Here, for the first time, we report the timing of expression pattern of ZnT-1, ZnT-3 and PRG-1 in hippocampus and cerebral cortex following(More)
Epilepsy in children is associated with a broad spectrum of cognitive deficits, which is associated with hippocampal mossy fiber sprouting. The underlying molecular mechanisms involved in mossy fiber sprouting in hippocampus following developmental seizures are not completely known. We studied the timing of cognitive dysfunction following neonatal seizures(More)
It has been reported that autophagy and zinc transporters (ZnTs) both play the key roles in excitotoxicity, which is associated with cognitive deficits following developmental seizures. However, the influence of autophagy on acute phase ZnTs expression has never been studied. The present study sought to investigate the contribution of an autophagy inhibitor(More)
For the purpose of investigating the long-term effects of seizures in developmental rats on spatial learning ability and hippocampal mossy fiber sprouting related gene expressions in adult rat brain, a seizure was induced by penicillin quaque die alterna in Sprague-Dawley rats from postnatal day 29 (P29). Rats were assigned into the recurrent seizure group(More)