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This paper presents an algorithm for determiningthe paths along which corresponding vertices travel in a 2–D shape blending. Rather than considering the vertex paths explicitly, the algorithm defines the intermediate shapes by interpolating the intrinsic definitions of the initial and final shapes. The algorithm produces shape blends which generally are(More)
OsUgp2, a rice UDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase gene, has previously been shown to preferentially express in maturing pollens and plays an important role in pollen starch accumulation. Here, a 1943 bp promoter fragment (P1943) of OsUgp2 was characterized by 5′ deletion and gain-of-function experiments. P1943 and its 5′ deletion derivatives (P1495, P1005, P665(More)
Nitrotyrosine is a new biomarker of atherosclerosis and inflammation. The objective of this study was to determine the direct effects of free nitrotyrosine on human aortic smooth muscle cell (AoSMC) migration and molecular mechanisms. By a modified Boyden chamber assay, nitrotyrosine significantly increased AoSMC migration in a concentration-dependent(More)
OBJECTIVE Resistin may be associated with obesity and cardiovascular diseases. However, it is unknown whether resistin directly contributes to angiogenesis. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of resistin on angiogenic potential, including endothelial cell proliferation, migration, and capillary-like tube formation. METHODS Human coronary(More)
Given the high fatality rate of pancreatic cancer, an effective treatment for this devastating disease is urgently needed. We have shown that mesothelin expression was higher in human pancreatic cancer cells than in human pancreatic duct epithelial cells, and mesothelin mRNA was substantially overexpressed in 18 of 21 (86%) clinical pancreatic(More)
Increased plasma levels of lactosylceramide (LacCer) have been associated with cardiovascular disease. However, it is largely unknown whether LacCer directly contributes to dysfunction of smooth muscle cells (SMCs), a key event in vascular lesion formation. In the present study, we determined the effects and potential mechanisms of LacCer on cell migration(More)
The molecular basis of resistance to nucleotide excision repair (NER) of certain bulky DNA lesions is poorly understood. To address this issue, we have studied NER in human HeLa cell extracts of two topologically distinct lesions, one derived from benzo[a]pyrene (10R-(+)-cis-anti-B[a]P-N(2)-dG), and one from the food mutagen(More)
The first eukaryotic NER factor that recognizes NER substrates is the heterodimeric XPC-RAD23B protein. The currently accepted hypothesis is that this protein recognizes the distortions/destabilization caused by DNA lesions rather than the lesions themselves. The resulting XPC-RAD23B-DNA complexes serve as scaffolds for the recruitment of subsequent NER(More)
BACKGROUND Hemodynamic forces play a crucial role in regulating vascular cell phenotype. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. The objective of this study was to test our hypothesis that cyclic strain could affect smooth muscle cell (SMC) differentiation. METHODS A murine embryonic mesenchymal progenitor cell line (C3H/10T1/2)(More)
Osmanthus fragrans is a woody, evergreen species of shrubs and small trees that is extensively planted in sub-tropical and temperate climates as an ornamental plant in gardens and for its health benefits. The flower color ranges from ivory to orange to pink among different varieties and even color difference during the whole blossom in the sweet osmanthus.(More)