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TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1) plays an essential role in Toll-like receptor (TLR)- and retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I)-mediated induction of type I interferon (IFN; IFN-α/β) and host antiviral responses. How TBK1 activity is negatively regulated remains largely unknown. We report that TNF receptor-associated factor (TRAF)-interacting protein (TRIP)(More)
OBJECTIVE This study was directed to ascertain the mortality of a group of arseniasis patients in an endemic rural township in Southwest China, where the residents were exposed for decades to indoor combustion of high arsenic coal. METHODS All the diagnosed arseniasis cases registered in 1991 were defined as the target population, which were assigned to(More)
Recognition of RNA virus through TLR and RIG-I-like receptor results in rapid expression of type I IFNs, which play an essential role in host antiviral responses. However, the mechanisms to terminate the production of type I IFNs are not well defined. In the current study, we identified a member of the tripartite motif (TRIM) family, TRIM38, as a negative(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the factors associated with mortality in a hospitalised cohort of infants in Asmara, Eritrea. DESIGN Retrospective cross-sectional review of all 2006 admissions to a specialised neonatal intensive care unit. Data on gestational age (prematurity), age at presentation, birth weight, gender, mode of delivery, Apgar score, maternal age,(More)
BACKGROUND Brain metastases (BM) arising from triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) portend a poor prognosis. TNBC is more common in premenopausal and African-American (AA) patients; both of these characteristics also confer a poor prognosis. In a single-institution cohort study, the authors attempted to determine whether the inferior outcome noted with TNBC(More)
The tyrosine kinase receptor c-kit and its ligand stem cell factor (SCF) have not been explored in prostate cancer (PC) bone metastasis. Herein, we found that three human PC cell lines and bone marrow stromal cells express a membrane-bound SCF isoform and release a soluble SCF. Bone marrow stromal cells revealed strong expression of c-kit, whereas PC cells(More)
BACKGROUND Depression presents a significant burden to both patients and society. One treatment that has emerged is vagus nerve stimulation (VNS), an FDA-approved physical treatment for depressive disorders. However, the application of this intervention has been limited by the involvement of surgery and potential side effects. The aim of this study is to(More)
Background: High quality clinical research not only requires advanced professional knowledge, but also needs sound study design and correct statistical analyses. The number of clinical research articles published in Chinese medical journals has increased immensely in the past decade, but study design quality and statistical analyses have remained(More)
Four new steroids with an acetoxy linked at the end of the side chain, echrebsteroids A-D (1-4) were obtained from the South China Sea gorgonian Echinogorgia rebekka. The absolute configurations of 1-3 were determined using the modified Mosher's method on the hydrolysis products. The isolation of the pair of epimers (2 and 3) represents the first reported(More)
The development of new organic semiconductors with improved electrical performance and enhanced environmental stability is the focus of considerable research activity. This communication presents the design, synthesis, and device stability data for novel bis-5'-alkylthiophen-2'yl-2,6-anthracene organic semiconductors. When incorporated into thin-film(More)