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The root is the first plant organ to get in contact with the toxin cadmium (Cd), which is a widespread soil contaminant. Cd inhibits the growth of the primary root, but the mechanisms underlying this inhibition remain elusive. In this study, we used physiological, pharmacological and genetic approaches to investigate the roles of nitric oxide (NO) and auxin(More)
Photorespiration-associated production of H(2) O(2) accounts for the majority of total H(2) O(2) in leaves of C(3) plants and is mainly eliminated by catalases. In Arabidopsis, lack of CAT2, but not CAT1 or CAT3, results in growth suppression and a marked accumulation of H(2) O(2) in leaves. To evaluate the contribution of individual catalase genes and(More)
The heavy metal copper (Cu) is an essential microelement required for normal plant growth and development, but it inhibits primary root growth when in excess. The mechanism underlying how excess Cu functions in this process remains to be further elucidated. Here, we report that a higher concentration of CuSO4 inhibited primary root elongation of Arabidopsis(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) plays key roles in yeast responses to various environmental factors, such as H2O2 and high temperature. However, the gene encoding NO synthase (NOS) in yeast has not yet been identified, and the mechanism underlying the regulation of NOS-like activity is poorly understood. Here, we report on the involvement of CKA2 in H2O2-induced yeast(More)
TaLEA (Tamarix androssowii late embryogenesis abundant gene, DQ663481) gene was introduced into Populus simonii × Populus nigra by Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation with the aim of improving salt-tolerance. Among the 15 transgenic lines, one showed a dwarf phenotype (dwf1). Under the same growth conditions, dwf1 height was significantly(More)
The chloroplast is one of the most important organelles in plants. Proteomic investigations of chloroplasts have been undertaken for many herb plant species, but to date no such investigation has been reported for woody plant chloroplasts. In the present study we initiated a systematic proteomic study of Populus chloroplasts using a shotgun proteomic(More)
Auxin and H2 O2 play vital roles in plant development and environmental responses; however, it is unclear whether and how H2 O2 modulates auxin levels. Here, we investigate this question using cat2-1 mutant, which exhibits reduced catalase activity and accumulates high levels of H2 O2 under photorespiratory conditions. At a light intensity of 150 μmol m(-2)(More)
Plants defend against pathogen attack by modulating auxin signaling and activating the salicylic acid (SA) and jasmonic acid (JA) signaling pathways. SA and JA act antagonistically in resistance to specific pathogen types, yet how plants coordinate these phytohormones remains elusive. Here we report that biotrophic-pathogen-induced SA accumulation dampens(More)
A dwarf mutant (dwf1) was obtained among 15 transgenic lines, when TaLEA (Tamarix androssowii late embryogenesis abundant gene) was introduced into Populus simonii × Populus nigra by Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation. Under the same growth conditions, dwf1 height was significantly reduced compared with the wild type and the other transgenic(More)
Being unable to move away from their places of germination, in order to avoid excess metal-induced damages, plants have to evolve different strategies and complex regulatory mechanisms to survive harsh conditions. While both ROS and auxin are documented to be important in plant response to metal stress, the mechanisms underlying the crosstalk between ROS(More)