Hong-Long Ji

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We have cloned and molecularly and functionally characterized the first human member of the family of Ca2+-activated Cl- channels, human (h) CLCA1. The 31,902-bp gene is located on chromosome 1p22-31 and is preceded by a canonic promoter region that contains an L1 transposable element. In contrast to all previously known homologs in other species, hCLCA1 is(More)
The CLCA family of Ca2+-activated Cl- channels has recently been discovered, with an increasing number of closely related members isolated from different species. Here we report the cloning of the second human homolog, hCLCA2, from a human lung cDNA library. Northern blot and RT-PCR analyses revealed additional expression in trachea and mammary gland. A(More)
A new family of chloride transport proteins has recently emerged. These proteins have extensive homology to a protein previously isolated from bovine tracheal epithelium that acts as a Ca2+-sensitive Cl– channel (CaCC) when heterologously expressed or when reconstituted into planar lipid bilayers. Several new members of this family have been identified in(More)
Epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) are co-localized in the apical membrane of many epithelia. These channels are essential for electrolyte and water secretion and/or reabsorption. In cystic fibrosis airway epithelia, a hyperactivated epithelial Na(+) conductance operates in parallel with defective(More)
A protein (mCLCA1) has been cloned from a mouse lung cDNA library that bears strong sequence homology with the recently described bovine tracheal, Ca2+-sensitive chloride channel protein (bCLCA1), bovine lung endothelial cell adhesion molecule-1 (Lu-ECAM-1), and the human intestinal Ca2+-sensitive chloride channel protein (hCLCA1). In vitro, its(More)
High grade glioma cells derived from patient biopsies express an amiloride-sensitive sodium conductance that has properties attributed to the human brain sodium channel family, also known as acid-sensing ion channels (ASICs). This amiloride-sensitive conductance was not detected in cells obtained from normal brain tissue or low grade or benign tumors.(More)
Airway and alveolar fluid clearance is mainly governed by vectorial salt movement via apically located rate-limiting Na(+) channels (ENaC) and basolateral Na(+)/K(+)-ATPases. ENaC is regulated by a spectrum of protein kinases, i.e. protein kinase A (PKA), C (PKC), and G (PKG). However, the molecular mechanisms for the regulation of ENaC by cGMP/PKG remain(More)
The hypothesis that amiloride-sensitive Na+ channels (ENaC) are involved in cell volume regulation was tested. Anisosmotic ND-20 media (ranging from 70 to 450 mosM) were used to superfuse Xenopus oocytes expressing alpha beta gamma-rat ENaC (alpha beta gamma-rENaC). Whole cell currents were reversibly dependent on external osmolarity. Under conditions of(More)
Psalmotoxin 1 (a component of the venom of a West Indies tarantula) is a 40-amino acid peptide that inhibits cation currents mediated by acid-sensing ion channels (ASIC). In this study we performed electrophysiological experiments to test the hypothesis that Psalmotoxin 1 (PcTX1) inhibits Na+ currents in high-grade human astrocytoma cells (glioblastoma(More)
Native amiloride-sensitive Na+ channels exhibit a variety of biophysical properties, including variable sensitivities to amiloride, different ion selectivities, and diverse unitary conductances. The molecular basis of these differences has not been elucidated. We tested the hypothesis that co-expression of delta-epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) underlies,(More)