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Zebra Chip (ZC) is an emerging plant disease that causes aboveground decline of potato shoots and generally results in unusable tubers. This disease has led to multi-million dollar losses for growers in the central and western United States over the past decade and impacts the livelihood of potato farmers in Mexico and New Zealand. ZC is associated with(More)
Mannans are widespread hemicellulosic polysac-charides in plant cell walls. Hydrolysis of the internal β-1,4-D-mannopyranosyl linkage in the backbone of mannans is catalyzed by endo-β-mannanase. Plant endo-β-mannanase has been well studied for its function in seed germination. Its involvement in other plant biological processes, however , remains poorly(More)
Dosage compensation in mammals involves silencing of one X chromosome in XX females and requires expression, in cis, of Xist RNA. The X to be inactivated is randomly chosen in cells of the inner cell mass (ICM) at the blastocyst stage of development. Embryonic stem (ES) cells derived from the ICM of female mice have two active X chromosomes, one of which is(More)
Multiple protein kinase C (PKC) isozymes are present in neurons, where they regulate a variety of cellular functions. Due to the lack of specific PKC isozyme inhibitors, it remains unknown how PKC acts on its selective target(s) and achieves its specific actions. Here we show that a PKC binding protein, enigma homolog (ENH), interacts specifically with both(More)
Any software made available via TIMECENTER is provided " as is " and without any express or implied warranties , including, without limitation, the implied warranty of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. The TIMECENTER icon on the cover combines two " arrows. " These " arrows " are letters in the so-called Rune alphabet used one millennium(More)
BACKGROUND A number of noninvasive techniques have been used to predict the effectiveness of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in heart failure patients, in particular left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling. This study compared the relative predictive values of tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and strain-rate imaging (SRI) parameters for LV reverse(More)
Biventricular pacing results in left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling in heart failure patients with wide QRS complexes. This study examines potential predictors of reverse remodeling. Echocardiography with tissue Doppler imaging was performed at baseline and 3 months after biventricular pacing in 30 patients (21 men and 9 women, mean age 62 +/- 14(More)
Osteoporosis is a frequent problem in disorders characterized by iron overload, such as the thalassemias and hereditary hemochromatosis. The exact role of iron in the development of osteoporosis in these disorders is not established. To define the effect of iron excess in bone, we generated an iron-overloaded mouse by injecting iron dextran at 2 doses into(More)
Ion transport inhibitors, amHoride, SITS, vanadate and acetazolamide, were added to the water to determine the effect of ion transfer mechanisms on the acidification of water passing over the gills. In neutral water, proton excretion causes a marked reduction in gill water pH. If water pH is 2.5 units lower than blood pH, however, then this proton excretion(More)
The D(2) dopamine receptor exists as dimers or as higher-order oligomers, as determined from data from physical experiments. In this study, we sought evidence that this oligomerization leads to cooperativity by examining the binding of three radioligands ([(3)H]nemonapride, [(3)H]raclopride, and [(3)H]spiperone) to D(2) dopamine receptors expressed in(More)