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Citrus huanglongbing is the most destructive disease of citrus worldwide. It is spread by citrus psyllids and is associated with a low-titer, phloem-limited infection by any of three uncultured species of alpha-Proteobacteria, 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus', 'Ca. L. americanus', and 'Ca. L. africanus'. A complete circular 'Ca. L. asiaticus' genome has(More)
BACKGROUND Biventricular pacing has been proposed to improve symptoms and exercise capacity in patients with advanced heart failure and wide electrocardiographic wave complexes. This study investigated the effect of biventricular pacing on reverse remodeling and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty-five patients with NYHA class III to IV(More)
Biventricular pacing results in left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling in heart failure patients with wide QRS complexes. This study examines potential predictors of reverse remodeling. Echocardiography with tissue Doppler imaging was performed at baseline and 3 months after biventricular pacing in 30 patients (21 men and 9 women, mean age 62 +/- 14(More)
Dosage compensation in mammals involves silencing of one X chromosome in XX females and requires expression, in cis, of Xist RNA. The X to be inactivated is randomly chosen in cells of the inner cell mass (ICM) at the blastocyst stage of development. Embryonic stem (ES) cells derived from the ICM of female mice have two active X chromosomes, one of which is(More)
BACKGROUND A number of noninvasive techniques have been used to predict the effectiveness of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in heart failure patients, in particular left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling. This study compared the relative predictive values of tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and strain-rate imaging (SRI) parameters for LV reverse(More)
An extracellular β-agarase (AgaA34) was purified from a newly isolated marine bacterium, Agarivorans albus YKW-34 from the gut of a turban shell. AgaA34 was purified to homogeneity by ion exchange and gel filtration chromatographies with a recovery of 30% and a fold of ten. AgaA34 was composed of a single polypeptide chain with the molecular mass of 50 kDa.(More)
Intrinsically disordered proteins play critical but often poorly understood roles in mediating protein interactions. The interactions of disordered proteins studied to date typically entail structural stabilization, whether as a global disorder-to-order transition or minimal ordering of short linear motifs. The disordered cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to investigate if tissue synchronization imaging (TSI) is useful to identify regional wall delay and predict left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling after cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). BACKGROUND Echocardiographic assessment of systolic asynchrony is helpful to predict a positive response to CRT. Tissue(More)
Although hyperandrogenism is an important condition and is considered the possible pathogenesis behind polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), data supporting this is still scarce. We sought to determine whether or not prenatal androgen exposure leads to PCOS and the possible cellular mechanisms involved. To induce prenatal androgen exposure, pregnant rats were(More)
BACKGROUND The definition of diastolic heart failure (DHF) relies on the use of sensitive tools to exclude the presence of systolic dysfunction. The use of ejection fraction (EF) of 50% as the cutoff point may not be adequate to address such a task. We believe that systolic dysfunction is common in DHF. METHODS AND RESULTS Echocardiography with tissue(More)