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N-ethymaleimide-sensitive ATPase activity was measured in crude homogenates of gill tissue from rainbow trout using a coupled-enzyme ATPase assay in the presence of EGTA, ouabain and azide. This NEM-sensitive ATPase activity, determined to be about 1.5 mmolmg21 protein h21 at 15 ̊C for freshwater trout, is also inhibited by other H+ATPase blockers such as(More)
Biventricular pacing results in left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling in heart failure patients with wide QRS complexes. This study examines potential predictors of reverse remodeling. Echocardiography with tissue Doppler imaging was performed at baseline and 3 months after biventricular pacing in 30 patients (21 men and 9 women, mean age 62 +/- 14(More)
An extracellular beta-agarase (AgaA34) was purified from a newly isolated marine bacterium, Agarivorans albus YKW-34 from the gut of a turban shell. AgaA34 was purified to homogeneity by ion exchange and gel filtration chromatographies with a recovery of 30% and a fold of ten. AgaA34 was composed of a single polypeptide chain with the molecular mass of 50(More)
Zebra Chip (ZC) is an emerging plant disease that causes aboveground decline of potato shoots and generally results in unusable tubers. This disease has led to multi-million dollar losses for growers in the central and western United States over the past decade and impacts the livelihood of potato farmers in Mexico and New Zealand. ZC is associated with(More)
BACKGROUND The definition of diastolic heart failure (DHF) relies on the use of sensitive tools to exclude the presence of systolic dysfunction. The use of ejection fraction (EF) of 50% as the cutoff point may not be adequate to address such a task. We believe that systolic dysfunction is common in DHF. METHODS AND RESULTS Echocardiography with tissue(More)
Citrus huanglongbing is the most destructive disease of citrus worldwide. It is spread by citrus psyllids and is associated with a low-titer, phloem-limited infection by any of three uncultured species of alpha-Proteobacteria, 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus', 'Ca. L. americanus', and 'Ca. L. africanus'. A complete circular 'Ca. L. asiaticus' genome has(More)
Seed metabolites are critically important both for plant development and human nutrition; however, the natural variation in their levels remains poorly characterized. Here we profiled 121 metabolites in mature seeds of a wide panel Oryza sativa japonica and indica cultivars, revealing correlations between the metabolic phenotype and geographic origin of the(More)
Anterior cervical plating is regarded as standard practice after multilevel anterior cervical discectomy and fusion. However, plate implantation in the anterior cervical spine poses a substantial risk of hardware-related complications. We retrospectively analyzed the efficacy and outcomes of 15 consecutive patients treated with a 3-level anterior cervical(More)
BACKGROUND Biventricular pacing has been proposed to improve symptoms and exercise capacity in patients with advanced heart failure and wide electrocardiographic wave complexes. This study investigated the effect of biventricular pacing on reverse remodeling and the underlying mechanisms. METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty-five patients with NYHA class III to IV(More)
BACKGROUND A number of noninvasive techniques have been used to predict the effectiveness of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in heart failure patients, in particular left ventricular (LV) reverse remodeling. This study compared the relative predictive values of tissue Doppler imaging (TDI) and strain-rate imaging (SRI) parameters for LV reverse(More)