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Platelet-derived growth factors (PDGFs) were discovered more than two decades ago. Today the PDGF family of growth factors consists of five different disulphide-linked dimers built up of four different polypeptide chains encoded by four different genes. These isoforms, PDGF-AA, PDGF-AB, PDGF-BB, PDGF-CC and PDGF-DD, act via two receptor tyrosine kinases,(More)
BACKGROUND The extracellular calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) belongs to family C of the G protein coupled receptors. Whether the CaSR is expressed in the pulmonary artery (PA) is unknown. METHODS The expression and distribution of CaSR were detected by RT-PCR, Western blotting and immunofluorescence. PA tension was detected by the pulmonary arterial ring(More)
There are several genes that code for enzymes, including various forms of superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase, that protect the cell against oxidative damage that, in turn, can lead to carcinogenesis. There are a few common genetic polymorphisms in these genes that lead to altered proteins. Three that have been identified are SOD2 Val-9Ala, GPX1(More)
Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is a serine protease involved in the degradation of blood clots through the activation of plasminogen to plasmin. Here we report on the identification of tPA as a specific protease able to activate platelet-derived growth factor C (PDGF-C). The newly identified PDGF-C is secreted as a latent dimeric factor (PDGF-CC) that(More)
Platelet-derived growth factors (PDGFs) are important for normal tissue growth and maintenance. Overexpression of the classical PDGFs, PDGF-A and PDGF-B, has been linked to several diseases, including cancer, fibrotic disease and atherosclerosis. Recently, two novel PDGFs, PDGF-C and PDGF-D, were discovered. It has not yet been established whether PDGF-C(More)
Diffusion tensor imaging could be useful in characterizing movement disorders because it noninvasively examines multiple brain regions simultaneously. We report a multitarget imaging approach focused on the basal ganglia and cerebellum in Parkinson's disease, parkinsonian variant of multiple system atrophy, progressive supranuclear palsy, and essential(More)
The present study investigated the role of the endogenous cystathionine gamma-lyase (CSE) / hydrogen sulfide pathway in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis. Rats treated with intratracheal bleomycin were exposed either to the H2S donor NaHS or to saline. The results on day 7 showed that plasma H2S concentration and pulmonary CSE activity (H2S production(More)
Acute apical abscesses and cellulitis are severe endodontic diseases caused by opportunistic bacteria with possible coinfection with latent herpesviruses. The objectives of this study are to identify herpesviruses, including human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), herpes simplex virus-1 (HSV-1), and Varicella zoster virus (VZV) in patients(More)
Irreversible pulpitis and apical periodontitis are inflammatory diseases caused by opportunistic bacteria with possible co-infection with latent herpesviruses. The objectives of this study are to identify herpesviruses, including human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), herpes simplex virus (HSV-1), and Varicella zoster virus (VZV) in(More)
Many published case-control studies have investigated the association between rs12456492(A/G) variant in RIT2 gene and the risk of Parkinson's disease(PD); however, an ambiguous conclusion remains elusive. Our aim was to evaluate the association of RIT2 rs12456492(A/G) polymorphism with the risk of PD. We searched the Pubmed, Science Direct, EMBASE and(More)