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A plant factory for moth pheromone production
TLDR
This work produces moth sex pheromone, using Nicotiana benthamiana as a plant factory, by transient expression of up to four genes coding for consecutive biosynthetic steps, which are very efficient and specific for trapping of male moths, matching the activity of conventionally produced phersomones.
Composition of physiologically important fatty acids in great tits differs between urban and rural populations on a seasonal basis
TLDR
This study is the first to reveal a difference in FA composition between urban and rural populations for all animals studied to date, and suggests that the negative health effects that urban birds suffer from being exposed to higher levels of pollutants might be enhanced by an elevated inflammatory response.
Sex pheromone biosynthetic pathways are conserved between moths and the butterfly Bicyclus anynana
TLDR
This study provides the first evidence of conservation and sharing of ancestral genetic modules for the production of FA-derived pheromones over a long evolutionary timeframe thereby reconciling mate communication in moths and butterflies.
Identification, Synthesis, and Behavioral Activity of 5,11-Dimethylpentacosane, A Novel Sex Pheromone Component of the Greater Wax Moth, Galleria Mellonella (L.)
TLDR
The identification of 5,11-dimethylpentacosane is an important step for the development of an efficient long-range attractant that will be integrated with other environmentally safe strategies to reduce damage to beehives caused by wax moths.
Species-Dependent Effects of the Urban Environment on Fatty Acid Composition and Oxidative Stress in Birds
TLDR
Physiological components related to health and nutrition, namely, plasma fatty acids (FA) and lipid peroxidation at inter-habitat and interspecific levels are investigated to suggest that the urban environment affect tits and sparrows via two different pathways – inflammation and oxidative stress, respectively – with potential consequences for the health of urban populations.
Biosynthesis of Unusual Moth Pheromone Components Involves Two Different Pathways in the Navel Orangeworm, Amyelois transitella
TLDR
Deuterium label was incorporated into the C23 and C25 pentaenes after injection of (9Z,12Z,15Z)- [17,17,18, 18,18-D5]-9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid into 1–2 d old female pupae, and support different pathways leading to the two pheromone components.
Identification, isolation and characterization of the antifeedant constituent of Clausena anisata against Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
TLDR
Osthol appeared to be an antifeedant component of C. anisata to H. armigera, and may provide a new approach to managing this pest.
[Diversity of halophilic archaea in hypersaline lakes of Inner Mongolia, China].
TLDR
The results suggest that diverse archaea exist in and the unknown archaea thrive in the hypersaline lakes of Inner Mongolia.
Occurrence of plastidial triacylglycerol synthesis and the potential regulatory role of AGPAT in the model diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum
TLDR
The results suggested that AGPAT1 overexpression could elevate TAG biosynthesis and, moreover, revealed the occurrence of plastidial TAG synthesis in the diatom, providing a new insight into microalgal lipid metabolism and candidate target for metabolic engineering.
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