Hong Kuan T. Kok

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BACKGROUND Bleeding secondary to recurrences of spontaneously obliterated arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) is an extremely rare occurrence. CASE DESCRIPTION We report a 25-year-old man with cerebellar hemorrhage secondary to a recurrent AVM. His current admission with bleeding from a ruptured cerebellar AVM followed a previous presentation 15 years(More)
The severity of seizures presenting to the emergency department ranges from benign to life threatening. There are also a wide number of possible etiologies. Computed tomography (CT) emergency imaging may be required at presentation to elucidate a possible cause and assess signs of intracranial trauma. This case describes a serious seizure episode in a young(More)
PURPOSE This study aims to identify factors influencing outcome in brain arteriovenous malformations (BAVM) treated with endovascular embolisation. We also assessed the feasibility of using machine learning techniques to prognosticate and predict outcome and compared this to conventional statistical analyses. METHODS A retrospective study of patients(More)
Tuberculosis is a multiorgan disease with varied clinical presentations and is reemerging due to increasing immigration and globalization. We present the case of an immigrant female patient who developed acute renal failure with clinical and biochemical features suggestive of lupus nephritis but with a timely renal biopsy showing caseating granulomata in(More)
BACKGROUND There are two main methods of accessing arterio-venous fistulas (AVFs); the 'buttonhole' and the 'rope-ladder' cannulation technique. Several small studies have hypothesized that the buttonhole technique is associated with increased rates of fistula-associated infection. This study addresses this hypothesis. METHODS A retrospective review of(More)
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