Hong Kuan T. Kok

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BACKGROUND There are two main methods of accessing arterio-venous fistulas (AVFs); the 'buttonhole' and the 'rope-ladder' cannulation technique. Several small studies have hypothesized that the buttonhole technique is associated with increased rates of fistula-associated infection. This study addresses this hypothesis. METHODS A retrospective review of(More)
Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) is a genetic autosomal recessive condition most frequently as a result of a mutation in the 21-hydroxylase enzyme gene. Patients with poorly controlled CAH can manifest characteristic imaging findings as a result of adrenocorticotrophic hormone stimulation or the effects of cortisol precursor excess on various target(More)
BACKGROUND Arterial thrombosis is a very rare, but recognised complication of inflammatory bowel disease that can result in significant morbidity and mortality. CASE PRESENTATION We present the case of a 48-year-old female with previously well-controlled ulcerative colitis who presented with severe left upper quadrant abdominal pain. Imaging(More)
An internal septum within a basilar artery aneurysm is an infrequent anomaly and is very rarely reported in the literature. We report a 62-year-old lady that was incidentally diagnosed with basilar tip aneurysm. Further imaging with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed internal septation within this aneurysm which was later confirmed with digital(More)
PURPOSE To report a systematic review of endovascular management of visceral and renal artery aneurysms (VRAA) and results at a tertiary referral center. MATERIALS AND METHODS A literature review was performed via a comprehensive electronic search of PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases, followed by retrospective analysis of all VRAAs treated(More)