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Endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) and caveolin-1 are associated within endothelial plasmalemmal caveolae. It is not known, however, whether eNOS and caveolin-1 interact directly or indirectly or whether the interaction affects eNOS activity. To answer these questions, we have cloned the bovine caveolin-1 cDNA and have investigated the eNOS-caveolin-1(More)
Endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) is regulated by signaling pathways involving multiple sites of phosphorylation. The coordinated phosphorylation of eNOS at Ser(1179) and dephosphorylation at Thr(497) activates the enzyme, whereas inhibition results when Thr(497) is phosphorylated and Ser(1179) is dephosphorylated. We have identified two further(More)
Caveolin-1 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) are associated within endothelial caveolae. We have shown previously that eNOS is translocated to the detergent-insoluble, cytoskeletal fraction of bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAEC) in response to bradykinin (BK)-stimulation or tyrosine phosphatase inhibition. In the present study, we have(More)
Endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) is phosphorylated at Ser-1179 (bovine sequence) by Akt after growth factor or shear stress stimulation of endothelial cells, resulting in increased eNOS activity. Purified eNOS is also phosphorylated at Thr-497 by purified AMP-activated protein kinase, resulting in decreased eNOS activity. We investigated whether(More)
Angiotensin II (ANG II) exerts its effects on vascular smooth muscle cells through G protein-coupled AT1 receptors. ANG II stimulation activates the Janus kinase/signal transducers and activators of transcription (JAK/STAT) pathway by inducing tyrosine phosphorylation, activation, and association of JAK2 with the receptor. Association appears to be required(More)
Bradykinin (BK) is an important physiological regulator of endothelial cell function. In the present study, we have examined the role of the Janus-activated kinase (JAK)/signal transducers and activators of transcription (STAT) pathway in endothelial signal transduction through the BK B2 receptor (B2R). In cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs),(More)
It has been shown previously that the endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) interacts reversibly with the plasmalemmal caveolae structural protein, caveolin-1. The eNOS-caveolin-1 interaction inhibits eNOS catalytic activity. In the present study, we show that eNOS also participates in reversible inhibitory interactions with the G protein-coupled(More)
Neuronal nitric-oxide synthase (nNOS) has been shown previously to interact with alpha1-syntrophin in the dystrophin complex of skeletal muscle. In the present study, we have examined whether nNOS also interacts with caveolin-3 in skeletal muscle. nNOS and caveolin-3 are coimmunoprecipitated from rat skeletal muscle homogenates by antibodies directed(More)
Endothelial nitric-oxide synthase (eNOS) is comprised of two identical subunits. Each subunit has a bidomain structure consisting of an N-terminal oxygenase domain containing heme and tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) and a C-terminal reductase domain containing binding sites for FAD, FMN, and NADPH. Each subunit is also myristoylated and contains a calmodulin(More)
The endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) is activated in response to stimulation of endothelial cells by a number of vasoactive substances including, bradykinin (BK), angiotensin II (Ang II), endothelin-1 (ET-1) and ATP. In the present study we have used in vitro activity assays of purified eNOS and in vitro binding assays with glutathione S-transferase(More)