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Extracellular recordings were made from vestibular-nerve afferents innervating the semicircular canals in anesthetized C57BL/6 mice ranging in age from 4-24 weeks. A normalized coefficient of variation was used to divide afferents into regular (CV*<0.1) and irregular (CV*>0.1) groups. There were three overall conclusions from this study. First, mouse(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the long-term speech perception of cochlear implantees and to compare the developing auditory performance patterns of prelingual children and postlingual deaf adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS Twenty-nine prelingually deaf children and 17 postlingually deaf adults who had been followed up for 4 years were included in the study. Speech(More)
OBJECTIVE To better characterize both ocular and cervical vestibular evoked myogenic potentials (VEMP) responses at different frequencies of sound in 20 normal subjects. METHODS Cervical and ocular VEMPs were recorded. The intensities of sound stimulation decreased from the maximal intensity, until no responses were evoked. Thresholds, amplitudes,(More)
CONCLUSIONS Our findings suggest that canal function is substantially preserved in subjects with active vertigo attacks as a result of Ménière's disease (MD). In these subjects, the head-thrust test (HTT) may not be as sensitive to canal dysfunction as traditional caloric testing. MD may differentially affect the low-frequency sensitivity of the canals. (More)
In this paper, diversity analysis of bit-interleaved coded multiple beamforming (BICMB) is extended to the case of general spatial interleavers, removing a condition on their previously known design criteria and quantifying the resulting diversity order. The diversity order is determined by a parameter Q<inf>max</inf> which is inherited from the(More)
OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were to evaluate the prevalence of otolaryngologic diseases in Korea. METHODS We obtained data from the 2008 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES), which were cross-sectional surveys of the civilian, non-institutionalized population of South Korea (n=4,930). A field survey team that included an(More)
Beamforming techniques that employ Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) are commonly used in Multi-Input Multi-Output (MIMO) wireless communication systems. In the absence of channel coding, when a single symbol is transmitted, these systems achieve the full diversity order provided by the channel; whereas when multiple symbols are simultaneously transmitted,(More)
Recently, biphenolic components derived from the Magnolia family have been studied for anti-cancer, anti-stress, and anti-inflammatory pharmacological effects. However, the pharmacological mechanism of action of 4-O-methylhonokiol (MH) is not clear in oral cancer. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of MH in apoptosis and its molecular(More)
—Diversity analysis of a number of multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) applications requires the calculation of the expectation of a function whose variables are the ordered multiple eigenvalues of the Wishart matrices. To solve this, we need the marginal pdf of an arbitrary subset of the ordered eigenvalues. The marginal pdf shown in the literature is(More)
We present and analyze the performance of constellation precoded beamforming. This multi-input multi-output transmission technique is based on the singular value decomposition of a channel matrix. In this work, the beamformer is precoded to improve its diversity performance. It was shown previously that while single beamforming achieves full diversity(More)