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Two-month old seedlings of perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.) were subjected to four different levels of salinity for 7 days. The NaCl treatments reduced turf quality and normalized transpiration rates. Both chlorophyll (Chl) a and Chl b contents decreased in the grass exposed to 255 mM relative to the control. An increase in the lipid peroxidationin(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSES Although early kicking differences have been reported for preterm infants without overt cranial sonographic abnormalities, their functional importance remains unclear because no outcomes have been measured. Therefore, the first purpose of this prospective study was to examine the age of walking attainment in preterm infants who had(More)
BACKGROUND Treadmill training in supported stepping has been used as part of rehabilitation programs for children with neurodevelopmental problems to facilitate earlier onset of walking. However, information concerning the developmental continuity between supported stepping and walking is limited. OBJECTIVE The aims of this study were to longitudinally(More)
BACKGROUND Muscular tightness is a common clinical musculoskeletal disorder and is regarded as a predisposing factor for muscle injuries. In this study, a two-way mixed design ANOVA was applied to investigate the effects of the gastrocnemius tightness on the joint angle and joint work during walking. METHODS Twenty-two patients with muscular tightness of(More)
Oral feeding has been reported to compromise breathing among preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) during hospitalization or shortly after discharge. However, limited information was available concerning whether preterm infants with BPD remain vulnerable to feeding and growth insufficiency after a longer term of follow-up. The purpose of(More)
An increasing number of studies have examined the development of walking in preterm infants; however, the results concerning those who had no major neonatal disease were inconclusive. This study was therefore aimed to examine the age of onset, the quality of early walking movement, and the sensitivity to resonant period of the force-driven harmonic(More)
BACKGROUND Removable plug insoles appear to be beneficial for patients with diabetic neuropathic feet to offload local plantar pressure. However, quantitative evidence of pressure reduction by means of plug removal is limited. The value of additional insole accessories, such as arch additions, has not been tested. The purpose of this study was to evaluate(More)
BACKGROUND Postural rehabilitation emphasizing on motor control training of segmental spinal movements has been proposed to effectively reduce the scoliotic spinal deformities in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). However, information regarding the impairments of segmental spinal movement control involving segmental spinal stabilizers in adolescent(More)
OBJECTIVE We investigated the training effects of interlimb force coupling training on paretic upper extremity outcomes in patients with chronic stroke and analyzed the relationship between motor recovery of the paretic hand, arm and functional performances on paretic upper limb. DESIGN A randomized controlled trial with outcome assessment at baseline and(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the effects of hippotherapy on body functions, activities, and participation in children with CP of various functional levels by using the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-Children and Youth (ICF-CY) checklist. METHODS Fourteen children with cerebral palsy (CP) (3-8 years of age) were recruited for a(More)
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