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BACKGROUND This study aimed to describe the clinical features, manometric findings, prevalence and incidence of achalasia in Singapore. METHODS A total of 615 new patients referred for oesophageal manometry between 1989 and 1996 were examined prospectively. Twenty-four men and 25 women fulfilled the manometric and clinical criteria for achalasia. (More)
Peptic ulcer occurs with different frequencies in the three main racial groups in Singapore. This study aimed firstly to determine the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori in peptic ulcer and non-ulcer dyspepsia patients of the different races and secondly, to assess the relation between H pylori, histological gastritis, patient diagnosis, and race. Gastric(More)
Pain site and radiation and the effect of various foods were studied prospectively in a consecutive series of patients with chronic upper abdominal pain. Patients followed for less than one year were excluded unless peptic ulcer or abdominal malignancy had been diagnosed or laparotomy had been carried out. A total of 632 patients were eligible for the first(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of endoscopic esophagitis in patients seen for upper gastrointestinal complaints in an Asian center. We studied a consecutive series of 11,943 patients undergoing diagnostic esophagogastroduodenoscopy at our unit over a 10-year period. Three hundred and eighty-nine patients (3.3%) had endoscopic(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of colloidal bismuth subcitrate (De Nol) on symptoms and gastric histology in patients with non-ulcer dyspepsia. In a single centre trial, patients with food related upper abdominal pain not caused by ulcer disease were randomised to receive one tablet of colloidal bismuth subcitrate or matching placebo four(More)
Computer records of patients endoscoped over a 34-month period were studied to assess the diagnostic yield of gastrointestinal endoscopy in patients with anaemia. Patients with obvious gastrointestinal bleeding and known gastrointestinal pathology were excluded. On hundred and thirty-six patients were endoscoped for anaemia. Eighty-three of them (61%) had(More)
Although early studies attributed an important role to acid in the pathogenesis of duodenal ulcer pain, recent reports are conflicting. The aim of the present study is to determine whether direct acidification of the duodenal ulcer crater in symptomatic patients reproduces ucler pain. Patients with endoscopically diagnosed duodenal ulcers were studied. No(More)
In the present double-blind placebo-controlled study the effect of cisapride on functional dyspepsia was evaluated in patients with and without histological gastritis. Patients with functional dyspepsia and whose symptoms persisted after a 2 week run-in period with antacid treatment were randomized to receive cisapride (10 mg) or matching placebo three(More)
Fifty patients with inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis, 40; Crohn's disease, seven; indeterminate colitis, three) treated in one gastroenterology unit in Singapore over a 10 year period were reviewed. Clinical features were similar to those described in Western patients. Of the three main races of Singapore it was found that Indians are more(More)
The aims of this study were to determine whether the development of acid induced duodenal ulcer pain was influenced by the symptomatic status of the patient and whether the administration of an antispasmodic could abolish pain. One hundred millilitres of 0.1 N hydrochloric acid was infused onto the ulcer craters or scars of 143 duodenal ulcer patients on(More)