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Mice lacking the imprinted Cdk inhibitor p57(KIP2) have altered cell proliferation and differentiation, leading to abdominal muscle defects; cleft palate; endochondral bone ossification defects with incomplete differentiation of hypertrophic chondrocytes; renal medullary dysplasia; adrenal cortical hyperplasia and cytomegaly; and lens cell(More)
Loss of Max function in the mouse resulted in generalized developmental arrest of both embryonic and extraembryonic tissues at early postimplantation (approximately E5.5-6.5), coincident with loss or dilution of maternal Max stores in the expanding embryo in vivo and in blastocyst outgrowths in vitro. Developmentally arrested embryos were reduced in size(More)
Normal mammalian growth and development are highly dependent on the regulation of the expression and activity of the Myc family of transcription factors. Mxi1-mediated inhibition of Myc activities requires interaction with mammalian Sin3A or Sin3B proteins, which have been purported to act as scaffolds for additional co-repressor factors. The identification(More)
In this study, the concentrations of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in soil profiles and the soil properties were analyzed in Hunpu, a typical wastewater irrigation area, northeast of China. The total concentrations of 16 priority control PAHs ranged from 7.88 to 2,231.42 μg/kg. Among 16 PAHs, the most abundant was Phenanthrene and the 3- or 4-(More)
Mxi1 belongs to the Mad (Mxi1) family of proteins, which function as potent antagonists of Myc oncoproteins. This antagonism relates partly to their ability to compete with Myc for the protein Max and for consensus DNA binding sites and to recruit transcriptional co-repressors. Mad(Mxi1) proteins have been suggested to be essential in cellular growth(More)
Glucokinase catalyzes a rate-limiting step in glucose metabolism in hepatocytes and pancreatic beta cells and is considered the "glucose sensor" for regulation of insulin secretion. Patients with maturity-onset diabetes of the young (MODY) have heterozygous point mutations in the glucokinase gene that result in reduced enzymatic activity and decreased(More)
Polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) and organochlorine pesticide (OCP) were analyzed in surficial sediments from the Haihe River and Haihe Estuary Area, Tianjin, China. The concentrations of [summation operator]PCBs (the sum of 32 PCB concentrations) and [summation operator]OCPs (the sum of eight OCPs concentrations) in the sediments from this area ranged from(More)
An efficient synthetic procedure for the preparation of fused 2,3-dihydrofuran derivatives was developed with the assistance of pyridinium ylide. A sequential one-pot, two-step tandem reaction starting from pyridine, aromatic aldehyde, dimedone, or 4-hydroxycoumarin and alpha-phenacyl bromide or p-nitrobenzyl bromide with triethylamine as catalyst proceeded(More)
An efficient synthetic procedure for the preparation of the unusual charge-separated pyridinium-Meldrum acid and N,N-dimethylbarbiturate acid zwitterionic salts was developed though a unique one-pot four-component reaction involving pyridine, aromatic aldehyde, Meldrum acid or N,N-dimethylbarbituric acid, and p-nitrobenzyl bromide in acetonitrile. By(More)