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Transformation of cells by the src oncogene causes dramatic changes in adhesive structures. In v-src-transformed 3Y1 rat fibroblasts (3Y1-src), there are actin-rich protrusive structures called podosomes by which attachment to the extracellular matrix is thought to occur. In this study, we found that neural Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (N-WASP)(More)
Immunolocalization of transforming growth factor alpha (TGF-Alpha), epidermal growth factor (EGF), insulinlike growth factor (IGF)-I, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF(165,189,121)), basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2, EGF receptor (R), IGF-IRbeta, and FGFR-1 was studied in uterine leiomyomas and matched myometrial samples taken from seven women(More)
Characteristics of carbonyl compounds (carbonyls) emissions from biodiesel–ethanol–diesel (BE–diesel) were investigated in a Commins-4B diesel engine and compared with those from fossil diesel. Acetaldehyde was the most abundant carbonyls in the exhaust, followed by formaldehyde, acetone, propionaldehyde and benzaldehyde. Apliphatic carbonyls emitted from(More)
The establishment of viral persistence generally requires evasion of the host CD8(+) T cell response. Here we describe a form of evasion wherein the CD8(+) T cells are fully capable of recognizing their cognate antigen but their effector functions are suppressed by regulatory T cells. Virus-specific CD8(+) T cells adoptively transferred into mice(More)
Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) play an important role in the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and accelerate atherosclerosis in diabetic patients. Autophagy, a life-sustaining process, is stimulated in atherosclerotic plaques by oxidized lipids, inflammation and metabolic stress conditions. In our studies, we utilized MTT assays(More)
Fungal virulence mechanisms include adhesion to epithelia, morphogenesis, production of secretory hydrolytic enzymes, and phenotype switching, all of which contribute to the process of pathogenesis. A striking feature of the biology of Candida albicans is its ability to grow in yeast, pseudohyphal, and hyphal forms. The hyphal form plays an important role(More)
Haze in China has been increasing in frequency of occurrence as well as the area of the affected region. Here, we report on a new mechanism of haze formation, in which coexistence with NOx can reduce the environmental capacity for SO2, leading to rapid conversion of SO2 to sulfate because NO2 and SO2 have a synergistic effect when they react on the surface(More)
In practical application, the statistical characteristics of signal and noise are usually unknown or can't have been learned so that we hardly design fix coefficient digital filter. In allusion to this problem, the theory of the adaptive filter and adaptive noise cancellation are researched deeply in the thesis. According to the LMS and the RLS algorithms(More)