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We hypothesized that methyl-guanine methyl transferase (MGMT) promoter methylation status, a predictor of the chemosensitivity for high grade gliomas (HGGs), may be associated with computed tomography (CT)/magnetic resonance (MR) imaging variables. Out of 38 consecutive patients with HGGs, 24 patients whose MGMT promoter methylation status was available [12(More)
BACKGROUND Glioblastoma is relatively uncommon in childhood and maybe difficult to differentiate from other brain tumors such as primitive neuroectodermal tumor, ependymoma, or benign astrocytoma. OBJECTIVE To describe the characteristic MR features in children with glioblastoma and to evaluate the usefulness of diffusion and perfusion MR imaging and MR(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the utility of perfusion MR imaging in the differential diagnosis of brain tumors. MATERIALS AND METHODS Fifty-seven patients with pathologically proven brain tumors (21 high-grade gliomas, 8 low-grade gliomas, 8 lymphomas, 6 hemangioblastomas, 7 metastases, and 7 various other tumors) were included in this study. Relative cerebral(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of iodinated contrast medium on sulcal hyperintensity on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) imaging immediately after intra-arterial thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke and to determine whether it may be associated with subsequent hemorrhagic transformation (HT). METHODS Fourteen consecutive(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively evaluate the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) on magnetic resonance (MR) images and the perfusion parameters of lesions that show brain swelling without concomitant parenchymal hypoattenuation on computed tomographic (CT) scans. MATERIALS AND METHODS Review board approval was obtained, and informed consent was waived. A(More)
INTRODUCTION Nexus coils are a type of bioactive coil used to embolize intracranial aneurysms. The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of the noninvasive follow-up of aneurysms treated with Nexus coils by means of magnetic resonance angiography (MRA). METHODS Three-dimensional (3D) time-of-flight (TOF) MRA images of patients treated with(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Small emboli arising from a friable plaque during carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and carotid artery stent placement (CAS) constitute a potentially important cause of periprocedural ischemic complications. To evaluate the frequency and significance of cerebral ischemic lesions of embolic origin after CEA and CAS, we examined patients(More)
Wide-necked aneurysms of the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) are infrequently encountered in cerebrovascular practice, and endovascular treatment is difficult or impossible even with the use of several neck remodeling techniques. We present the case of a patient with a wide-necked aneurysm of the PICA, which was treated by the retrograde(More)
PURPOSE The in-stent signal reduction of the stented artery caused by susceptibility artifact or radiofrequency shielding artifact limited the use of time-of-flight MR angiography (TOF-MRA) as a follow-up tool after intracranial stenting. We showed the degree of an artifact according to different stent types, and optimized MR parameters for TOF-MRA in(More)
INTRODUCTION Aneurysms of the posterior cerebral artery (PCA) are rare, and most of the studies reported in the literature in which the endovascular approach was applied were carried out on a limited number of patients with PCA aneurysms. We retrospectively reviewed our cases of PCA aneurysms--at various locations and of differing shapes--that received(More)