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Leptin's effects are mediated by interactions with a receptor that is alternatively spliced, resulting in at least five different murine forms: Ob-Ra, Ob-Rb, Ob-Rc, Ob-Rd, and Ob-Re. A mutation in one splice form, Ob-Rb, results in obesity in mice. Northern blots, RNase protection assays, and PCR indicate that Ob-Rb is expressed at a relatively high level(More)
Molecular details of ion channel interactions with modulatory subunits have been investigated widely in transfected cells, but the physiological roles of ion channel modulatory protein complexes in native neurons remain largely unexplored. The Drosophila large-conductance calcium-activated potassium channel (dSlo) binds to and is modulated by its binding(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is an adult-onset neurodegenerative disease that leads invariably to fatal paralysis associated with motor neuron degeneration and muscular atrophy. One gene associated with ALS encodes the DNA/RNA-binding protein Fused in Sarcoma (FUS). There now exist two Drosophila models of ALS. In one, human FUS with ALS-causing(More)
There is ample evidence that ion channel modulation by accessory proteins within a macromolecular complex can regulate channel activity and thereby impact neuronal excitability. However, the downstream consequences of ion channel modulation remain largely undetermined. The Drosophila melanogaster large conductance calcium-activated potassium channel(More)
In the present study, we investigate the anti-cancer activity and mechanism of caudatin, the C-21 steroidal glycosides, on human hepatoma cell line HepG2. The MTT assay and flow cytometry were used to evaluate HepG2 cell proliferation and cell cycle. Annexin-V/PI and DAPI staining were used to investigate cell apoptosis. Western blotting analysis was used(More)
Drosophila 14-3-3zeta (D14-3-3zeta) modulates the activity of the Slowpoke calcium-dependent potassium channel (dSlo) by interacting with the dSlo binding protein, Slob. We show here that D14-3-3zeta forms dimers in vitro. Site-directed mutations in its putative dimerization interface result in a dimerization-deficient form of D14-3-3zeta. Both the(More)
We have cloned and characterized mouse and human variants of MONaKA, a novel protein that interacts with and modulates the plasma membrane Na,K-ATPase. MONaKA was cloned based on its sequence homology to the Drosophila Slowpoke channel-binding protein dSlob, but mouse and human MONaKA do not bind to mammalian Slowpoke channels. At least two splice variants(More)
Targeting angiogenesis is considered an effective strategy for treating the expansion and metastasis of tumors. The aim of this study is to assess the effects of perifosine, an inhibitor of Akt, on cell proliferation, apoptosis, angiogenesis, and VEGF-induced cell migration in cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in vitro. MTT and cell(More)
SLOB (SLOWPOKE-binding protein) modulates the Drosophila SLOWPOKE calcium-activated potassium channel. We have shown previously that SLOB deletion or RNAi knockdown decreases excitability of neurosecretory pars intercerebralis (PI) neurons in the adult Drosophila brain. In contrast, we found that SLOB deletion/knockdown enhances neurotransmitter release(More)