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Proteins in the B cell CLL/lymphoma 2 (BCL-2) family are key regulators of the apoptotic process. This family comprises proapoptotic and prosurvival proteins, and shifting the balance toward the latter is an established mechanism whereby cancer cells evade apoptosis. The therapeutic potential of directly inhibiting prosurvival proteins was unveiled with the(More)
Recent studies have revealed that microRNAs (miRNAs) regulate plant adaptive responses to nutrient deprivation. However, the functional significance of miRNAs in adaptive responses to nitrogen (N) limitation remains to be explored. The Arabidopsis miR169 was strongly down-regulated, whereas its targets, NFYA (Nuclear Factor Y, subunit A) family members,(More)
Epidemiologic studies have evaluated the association between KRAS mutations and resistance to the treatment of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine-kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, results were inconclusive. To derive a more precise estimation of the relationship, we performed this(More)
Conventional diagnostic ultrasound images of the anatomy (as opposed to blood flow) reveal differences in the acoustic properties of soft tissues (mainly echogenicity but also, to some extent, attenuation), whereas ultrasound-based elasticity images are able to reveal the differences in the elastic properties of soft tissues (e.g., elasticity and(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Lonicera japonica Thunb. (Caprifoliaceae), a widely used traditional Chinese medicine, was known as Jin Yin Hua (Chinese: ), Ren Dong and Japanese honeysuckle. It was taken to treat the exopathogenic wind-heat, epidemic febrile diseases, sores, carbuncles and some infectious diseases. At the same time, Lonicera japonica could(More)
The World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology (WFUMB) has produced these guidelines for the use of elastography techniques in liver disease. For each available technique, the reproducibility, results, and limitations are analyzed, and recommendations are given. Finally, recommendations based on the international literature and the findings of(More)
Drug abuse is a worldwide health concern in which addiction involves activation of the dopaminergic signaling pathway in the brain. Here, we introduce a nanotechnology approach that utilizes gold nanorod-DARPP-32 siRNA complexes (nanoplexes) that target this dopaminergic signaling pathway in the brain. The shift in the localized longitudinal plasmon(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of a contrast-enhanced contrast-specific ultrasonographic technique with a low mechanical index for characterization of focal liver lesions. METHODS Contrast-specific ultrasonography was used to assess 144 patients with 147 focal liver lesions: 87 primary liver carcinomas, 27 hemangiomas,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Endothelial dysfunction can be detected at an early stage in the development of diabetes-related microvascular disease and is associated with accelerated endothelial senescence and ageing. Hyperglycaemia-induced oxidative stress is a major contributing factor to the development of endothelial dysfunction. Clinical data indicate that(More)
Epidemiological studies have evaluated the association between catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val108/158Met polymorphism and breast cancer risk. However, the results remain conflicting rather than conclusive. In order to derive a more precise estimation of the relationship, we performed this meta-analysis. Systematic searches of the PubMed and Medline(More)