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The vanilloid receptor TRPV1 (transient receptor potential vanilloid 1) is a cation channel that serves as a polymodal detector of pain-producing stimuli such as capsaicin, protons (pH <5.7), and heat. TRPV1 antagonists block pain behaviors in rodent models of inflammatory, neuropathic, and cancer pain, suggesting their utility as analgesics. Here, we(More)
Antagonists of the vanilloid receptor TRPV1 (transient receptor potential vanilloid type 1) have been reported to produce antihyperalgesic effects in animal models of pain. These antagonists, however, also caused concomitant hyperthermia in rodents, dogs, monkeys, and humans. Antagonist-induced hyperthermia was not observed in TRPV1 knockout mice,(More)
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) are longstanding targets for a next generation of pain therapeutics, but the nAChR subtypes that govern analgesia remain unknown. We tested a series of nicotinic agonists, including many molecules used or tried clinically, on a panel of cloned neuronal nAChRs for potency and selectivity using patch-clamp(More)
Hydroponic experiments were carried out to investigate the effects of root anatomy, induced by aeration and stagnation, and Fe plaque on arsenic (III&V) uptake and translocation by rice plants. The results showed that As uptake in rice plants (Gui Chao-2) treated by aeration was decreased due to lower root specific surface area. Rice roots with larger(More)
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of chromium nanoparticles (CrNano) on the hormone and immune responses of rats in heat stress condition. A total of 80 male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to four dietary treatment groups (n = 20). The first group was offered a basal diet as a control. The second, third, and fourth groups received(More)
Adversity, particularly in early life, can cause illness. Clues to the responsible mechanisms may lie with the discovery of molecular signatures of stress, some of which include alterations to an individual's somatic genome. Here, using genome sequences from 11,670 women, we observed a highly significant association between a stress-related disease, major(More)
The proliferation associated nuclear element 1 (PANE1) is a novel gene that is involved in immune response besides its primary role in centromere assembly. Different PANE1 transcripts show a distinct expression patterns in resting and activated CD19+ cells. In this study, we cloned and characterized the cDNA sequence of porcine PANE1, which shares high(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE The intestinal microflora plays a major role in human health. Intestinal flora imbalances are seen in clinical settings, such as cirrhosis, in which bacterial translocation (BT) results in migration of bacteria or bacterial products from the intestinal lumen to extraintestinal sites. In this study, we explored the effect of alterations in(More)
BACKGROUND A number of studies with conflicting results have examined the familiality of schizophrenia syndromes in Western populations. AIMS The objective of this study was to determine, using clinical data from concordant sibling pairs, whether symptom dimensions and other clinical characteristics of schizophrenia show familial aggregation and are(More)